Groves promises ‘nasty’ fight

first_imgGeorge Groves has vowed to get “nasty” when he defends his British and Commonwealth super-middleweight titles against Paul Smith.It will be Groves’ first outing since his points victory over bitter rival and fellow West Londoner James DeGale in May.For that encounter the Hammersmith fighter, 23, strictly followed a gameplan devised by trainer Adam Booth, but insists sparks will fly when he meets Smith at Wembley Arena on 5 November.Groves said: “The DeGale fight was about exposing someone’s technical flaws. Adam was always holding me back, not letting me fight the way I wanted to fight.“This fight is going to be different. In this one I’m allowed to be nasty – he [Booth] has given me the green light already – and that’s what I plan to do.Groves won a close fight against DeGale“I’ve been back in the gym a long time now and am really excited about defending against Paul Smith. He’s a really good fighter and it’ll be a great domestic dust-up. I’m 100% motivated for this fight.“On paper, I should beat him but I know that he will ask different questions and I’ll need to find the answers, which I will do.”Booth says he will not hold his fighter back this time around and expects “a much more entertaining fight for boxing fans and purists.”“DeGale is very defensively minded, whereas these two just like landing heavy shots,” Booth added.“Last time my job was to stop George losing his temper and getting involved, but this one is going to be a proper fight. It’s going to be one hell of a fight.”Liverpudlian Smith, 28, lost the British title to DeGale when the Harlesden man stopped him in the ninth round of their bout last December.But he is convinced he will get it back and re-establish himself as a possible world title contender when he takes on Groves.Smith said: “It’s a fight I’ve wanted for a long time. When I was champion George had a few things to say about me, calling me out to try and get the fight.“People keep asking me if this fight will be redemption for losing to DeGale. It won’t. The only way I’ll get redemption is by fighting DeGale again and beating him.Warren has predicted “an explosive night” at Wembley“I’m 100% improved since that DeGale fight – I keep telling that to anyone who’ll listen. Nothing seemed to go right in camp or on the night. I had no tactics.“I paid the price for that but I’m focused on the next fight and am fitter than I’ve ever been because I’ve been using different methods of training.“I just want to put in my best performance and get my title back. I feel my best days are ahead of me.”The fight will be the chief support to the WBO lightweight title clash between Scotland’s Ricky Burns and champion Michael Katsidis.“It’s fireworks night and it will be an explosive night,” said promoter Frank Warren.“Styles make fights and this [Groves v Smith] has all the ingredients to be a real quality fight.”last_img read more

The press in South Africa

first_imgBrand South African reporterSouth Africa has a robust and free press. The country’s turbulent passage from apartheid to democracy made South Africans remarkably news hungry, fed by a robust, free and flourishing press.In 2013, there are 22 daily and 25 weekly major urban newspapers in South Africa, most published in English. There are around 400 regional and community newspapers, most delivered free of charge, as well as a range of general and specialised news websites on a par with the best in the world.About 10.5-million South Africans read the urban dailies, with around 17,5-million people – or 50% of South Africans over the age of 15 – reading newspapers, according to the South African Advertising Research Foundation’s All Media Products Survey (Amps) 2012.South African Audience Research Foundation: www.saarf.co.zaMore on this page:A free pressTrends in South African newspapers Ownership of South African newspapers A free pressSouth Africa has always had a courageous and opinionated press. For more than 40 years the apartheid state tried to gag the country’s newspapers, using legislation, harassment and imprisonment, culminating in the late-1980s States of Emergency. Through all of this, South Africa’s newspapers defiantly reported the news.With democracy in 1994, South Africa’s newspapers were freed from all restrictions. The country’s Constitution, adopted in 1996, explicitly protects the freedom of the press in its Bill of Rights. Section 16 states:Everyone has the right to freedom of expression, which includes:freedom of the press and other media;freedom to receive or impart information or ideas;freedom of artistic creativity; andacademic freedom and freedom of scientific researchThe right in subsection (1) does not extend to:propaganda for war;incitement of imminent violence; oradvocacy of hatred that is based on race, ethnicity, gender or religion, and that constitutes incitement to cause harm.Reporters Without Borders ranked South Africa 52nd out of 179 countries in its 2013 Press Freedom Index.South Africa’s print media subscribe to the Press Code. This has been adopted by the Press Council, which oversees the print media’s system of voluntary independent co- regulation. Members of the public can complain to the Council’s ombudsman.Read more:Press freedom in South AfricaThe Constitution of South AfricaConsumer help: advertising and the mediaWebsites:Reporters Without Borders: www.rsf.orgSouth African Press Council: www.presscouncil.org.zaSouth African Press Code: Full textTrends in South African newspapersThe development of the South African press since the end of apartheid has been marked by two disparate trends: the stagnation and decline of the traditional mainstream newspapers; and the rise of tabloids with a black, working-class readership.The downturn experienced by South Africa’s mainstream press mirrors the trend elsewhere in the world, where the internet has seriously disrupted the industry and free online news has eroded newspaper circulation.But South Africa’s industry also experienced a growth spurt when, in 2002, the country’s first tabloid was launched. Responding to a market created by steadily improving living conditions for many poorer South Africans, Media24 launched the Daily Sun.Aimed at the “blue collar worker”, it filled an enormous gap in the market and it wasn’t long before it broke through the 1-million reader mark. A decade on, it has more than 5.5-million readers, according to AMPS 2012.Daily Sun’s success led to the “tabloidisation” of the industry, with other tabloids being launched, including the Afrikaans-language Son and the Daily Voice, which both target working class readers in the Western Cape.The newspaper landscape was further redefined by the success of vernacular- language newspapers, such as Isolezwe and Ilanga, which are both isiZulu newspapers.However, even these cleverly targeted newspapers have not been immune to pressures facing the industry, and 2012/13 circulation and readership figures remain under pressure. South African media companies are grappling with the substantial challenges of having to reinvent themselves with varying success.Media analysis and commentary at www.grubstreet.co.za and Wits University’s www.journalism.co.zaOwnership of South African newspapersThere are plenty of small, independent media houses, which publish magazines as well as in-house and business-to-business journals. The newspaper industry is dominated by four main players: Media24, Independent Newspapers, the Times Media Group, and CaxtonCTP. Media 24: Africa’s leading publishing company, its operations include newspapers, magazines, digital businesses, printing and distribution companies. The company has a reputation for being adaptive and is especially agile in its approach to digital products. Media24’s majority shareholder is Naspers, one of South Africa’s most successful companies.Website: www.media24.com Independent Newspapers: Home to some of the country’s oldest titles, the group has 18 newspapers in its stable. Irish-owned Independent News & Media sold its South African business to a consortium led by Sekunjalo Investments in 2013. In terms of the deal, the Government Employees Pension Fund will aquire a 25% stake in the company.Website: www.theinc.co.za Times Media Group: With a name change from Avusa to the Times Media Group signalling cost-driven restructuring, the group has promised a focus on digital platforms. Owners of BDFM, which publishes Business Day and weekly business magazine the Financial Mail, as well as the Sunday Times, South Africa’s biggest newspaper. It has a magazine division, and stakes in the Home Channel and Summit TV.Website: www.timesmedia.co.za CaxtonCTP: While its primary focus is commercial printing, Caxton is the owner of the Citizen as well as 13 magazines and a large stable of community newspapers,many of which cover the smaller cities and towns in which the other big media houses have no presence. The company is also involved in packaging, stationery manufacture and book printing.Website: www.caxton.co.za TNA Media: Established in June 2010, TNA owns The New Age, South Africa’s newest daily. Unlike most other newspapers in South Africa, it is privately owned – by the Gupta family, with Bennett Coleman & Co (publishers of the Times of India) an investor and strategic partner.Website: www.tnamedia.co.za Mail & Guardian Media: Publishers of the weekly Mail & Guardian. The company is 87.5% owned by Zimbabwean entrepreneur Trevor Ncube’s Newtrust Company Botswana Ltd. Guardian Newspapers holds 10% of the company, with minority shareholders making up the rest.Website: www.mg.co.zaWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

Solar Decathlon Looks for a New Location

first_imgSometime soon – very soon, the 20 contestants in the 2011 Solar Decathlon hope – the Department of Energy will announce the new location of the Decathlon, whose first four editions, beginning in 2002, were held on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.The DOE announced on Tuesday that it would move the event to another venue in support of a National Park Service restoration program that is designed to improve and protect the mall. So now, with the 20 teams scheduled to compete in October, the DOE is scrambling.According to a post by environmental-and-energy-policy media source GreenWire, event organizers are searching for alternate locations in Washington, but also are considering sites in or near cities such as New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, and St. Louis. No small task, given the requirements for tractor-trailer access, temporary-construction accommodations, siting for optimal solar exposure, and cleanup strategies.Trying to meet expectations and sustain interestIdeally, of course, the next location, like the mall, would be an established tourist attraction. The 2009 Solar Decathlon drew a lot people to the homes in the competition – 307,502 house visits over 10 days – and offered 32 onsite workshops for the public and a daylong series of workshops for industry professionals that were attended by 506 people.The GreenWire post noted that possible alternate sites in the D.C. area include National Harbor in suburban Maryland, RFK Stadium in Washington, and the Montgomery County fairgrounds in Maryland. The DOE official directing the event, Richard King, said that a final decision is expected “in the next couple of weeks.”Understandably, many contestants are disappointed by the location shift. “Like many of the other teams, we’re a little bit concerned,” Johann Kyser, a junior at the University of Calgary and member of Team Canada, told GreenWire. “We’ve made a lot of arrangements based to the fact that it’s going to be on the National Mall.”In addition to designing and building its entry – a house of no more than 800 sq. ft. that will be judged in 10 contest categories – each team must manage its own fundraising program and handle the logistics of transporting, assembling, and disassembling its entry.Chip Dence, a member of the National Association of Home Builders who has served as a judge during past Solar Decathlons, added that he has sent a letter to the White House asking President Obama to reverse the DOE’s decision to move the event. “That’s kind of changing the rules in the middle of the game because these teams have already gotten a lot of sponsors who anticipated they were going to displaying their products on the mall,” Dence said. “With an administration where one of their number one priorities is clean energy technologies, it would seem the president should straighten out his boys at [the departments of Interior] and Energy.”last_img read more

Tainted Water, LEED Winners, Passive House Conference, Boost for Renewables

first_imgLEED announces Home Award winnersA combined faculty residence and learning lab for students at a private school in Connecticut has won top honors among single-family projects in the annual LEED Home Awards.The U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), which oversees the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design program, said the project at The Taft School in Watertown, Connecticut, was the first building in the state to be certified as LEED Platinum under the Building Design and Construction rating system using new and more stringent LEED v4 rules.This combination residence and lab for students was chosen as the best single-family project in this year’s LEED Home Awards. It’s located on the campus of a private school in Connecticut. (Photo: U.S. Green Building Council)The net-zero energy house is used as a teaching tool for science classes as well as a house. Students monitor energy use while tending a vegetable garden and raising chickens on what the USGBC called a “comprehensive sustainability site.”The house has total living space of 3,388 square feet on three levels, including the basement, with three bedrooms, 2.5 bathrooms, a small laundry, an office, a kitchen, plus living and dining rooms. It was designed by Trillium Architects and built by BPC Green Builders.Exterior walls are double-stud 2×4 construction with a space between the two rows of studs and a total depth of 10 1/2 inches. Walls are insulated with 2 inches of closed-cell spray foam, 8 1/2 inches of dense-packed cellulose, and 1 1/2-inch Zip R sheathing with taped seams (R-47.5). The attic is insulated with 24 inches of cellulose, with 8 inches of expanded polystyrene beneath the slab. Foundation walls are insulated on the inside with 3 inches of closed-cell foam plus dense-packed cellulose to R-29.6.Heating and cooling are provided by Mitsubishi minisplit heat pumps. There’s also a 13-kilowatt photovoltaic array on the roof.The house has been certified by the Passive House Institute U.S. Other sustainable features include proximity to the school for a smaller “transportation footprint,” deconstruction of a house that previously occupied the site, WaterSense certification, and on-site rainwater management.The USGBC also announced winning projects in a number of other categories. The overall project of the year, developed by SolTerra in Portland, Oregon, is an 18-unit mixed use apartment building (see Image #2, below) called The Woodlawn. Other winners included the Frankel Building Group of Houston, Texas, outstanding single-family builder; National Church Residences of Columbus, Ohio, outstanding affordable builder; the 32-unit Brookside Village Housing, Farmington, Maine, outstanding affordable project; Tilley Lofts, Watervliet, New York, outstanding multifamily project; and Forest City Realty Trust of Cleveland, Ohio, outstanding multifamily developer. A continental pledge for more renewablesHalf of the electricity produced collectively by Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. will come from renewable energy and nuclear sources by 2025 under terms of a deal between the three countries announced in the Canadian capital.The 50% target is the average for all three countries, not each nation. Utility Dive reports that the three-country average is now 37% renewables and nuclear power, but getting to 50% will pose some challenges. In Mexico, for example, less than 20% of electricity comes from renewables and nuclear. About one-third of the electricity produced in the U.S. comes from nuclear and other renewables — including hydro, solar and wind — and in Canada the proportion is greater than 80%.The Obama administration’s Clean Power Plan (CPP), which is now under a judicial stay from the U.S. Supreme Court, will be needed to meet the 50% goal, so that’s one potential problem. Utility Dive says that even if the CPP survives this legal test, the U.S. will have to do more in the way of energy policy in order to uphold its end of the bargain.The fate of nuclear power in the U.S. is another question mark. Currently, about 20% of U.S. electricity comes from nuclear plants, but many plants are having a tough time competing in energy markets because of cheap natural gas and lower demand. Very few new nuclear plants are in the works, so if existing plants are closed (Exelon announced last month it would retire two plants in Illinois), other sources of non-fossil generation would have to come online to replace them.As part of the pact, Mexico agrees to join Canada and the U.S. in efforts to cut methane emissions by as much as 40% by 2025. Power trading across international borders also would become easier.The deal was announced on June 29 in Ottawa. Report faults government enforcement of water safety lawsViolations of national rules designed to keep lead out of drinking water are common, with 18 million Americans getting drinking water from providers that have violated federal laws, The Guardian reports. Citing a report from the National Resources Defense Council, The Guardian said the discovery in Flint, Michigan, that public water supplies were tainted with lead is “not anomalous.” The NRDC’s analysis of data from the Environmental Protection Agency found 5,363 water systems in the U.S. violated the federal Lead and Copper Rule in 2015. Collectively, these systems provide water to more than 18 million people.Violations occurred in most states. The most serious involved water provided by 1,100 community water utilities that exposed more than 3.9 million people to levels of lead exceeding the EPA’s actionable limit.Even so, few of the water suppliers were punished. Enforcement action was taken in just 11% of the 8,000 violations; the government sought penalties in only 3% of the cases.“This lack of accountability sends a clear message to water suppliers that knowingly violate the Lead and Copper Rule, with state and federal complicity,” the NRDC report said. “There is no cop on the beat.“In the Flint lead crisis (from 2014 to the present) and previously in Washington, D.C. (from 2001 to 2004), the EPA failed to act, downplayed the problem, and emboldened the actions of some water systems and primacy agencies,” the NRDC report continued. “These experiences and the data showing widespread lack of enforcement highlight a need for a culture change at the EPA and among state regulatory bodies to ensure that violations are taken seriously and public health threats are addressed promptly.”The EPA responded by saying many of the water systems that violated rules last year have already corrected the problems, The Guardian reported, while the agency has “intensified work” with state drinking water programs to make sure the Lead and Copper Rule is enforced. In a separate report, The Guardian said documents it requested from 80 of the biggest cities east of Mississippi showed 33 of them were using water-testing methods the EPA advised against earlier this year. Some of the water districts were using testing methods that can mask the actual amount of lead in drinking water.Even at very low levels, lead can do serious and irreversible harm to babies and young children, the NRDC report notes, decreasing cognitive abilities and causing a variety of behavioral problems that follow them into adulthood.center_img Passive House conference program now downloadableIf you missed the North American Passive House Network conference in New York City earlier this month, you can still have a look at the program with a downloadable PDF and flipbook called “Passive House Accelerates.”The free online book is divided into a number of topic areas — including policy, economics, resilience, and systems — and recaps presentations made during the two-day conference. The list includes Carri Beer and Michael Hindle, authors of an ongoing guest blog series at Green Building Advisor, and Chris Corson of Maine-based Ecocor, which has started producing a line of prefabricated Passive House buildings in collaboration with architect Richard Pedranti.There are descriptions of a variety of residential and commercial projects, both new construction and retrofits.Ken Levenson, co-president of the North American Passive House Network, said that the book doesn’t cover every aspect of the conference but should still be useful to designers and builders who weren’t able to make it to New York.last_img read more

Amarinder joins issue with Badal on Kartarpur project

first_imgPunjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh on Wednesday said former CM and Shiromani Akali Dal leader Parkash Singh Badal was trying to sabotage the interests of the Sikh community and Punjab with his injudicious remarks on the Kartarpur corridor.The Chief Minister was reacting to Mr. Badal’s allegation that he (Capt. Amarinder Singh) was trying to sabotage the Kartarpur corridor. “Badal’s statement was in line with his approach of exploiting religious issues to further his political interests,” said Capt. Amarinder here.“It was the Congress leadership, from Indira Gandhi to Dr. Manmohan Singh that had always strived for the opening of the Kartarpur Corridor, and he himself had been raising the issue with Pakistan as well as the Central government on various occasions,” said Capt. Amarinder.“By choosing to close his eyes to the harsh reality of the Pakistan threat, Mr. Badal had once again shown that he was least concerned about the welfare of the people of Punjab and was only bothered about the political gains he could make from the opening of the corridor, which his party had been trying to take undue credit for,” said Capt. Amarinder.last_img read more

Tweet about former teachers hotness leads to heat for Manitoba politician

first_imgWINNIPEG – A Manitoba politician is facing some heat after tweeting about the “hotness” of his former homeroom teacher.Steven Fletcher, an Independent member of the legislature, posted a message on Twitter in reply to a woman who taught him in Grades 7 and 8.The message thanks her for commenting on an article Fletcher had published and also revealed that he was attracted to her 35 years ago.The tweet says: “You were always the hottest teacher. All the boys loved you in inappropriate ways.”Many people — including Rochelle Squires, Manitoba’s minister for the status of women — have replied, telling Fletcher his remarks were inappropriate and offensive.Fletcher says he meant no offence — many boys have crushes on their teachers — and people are reacting too harshly.“It looks like we’re living in a society where it is becoming increasingly difficult to be human,” Fletcher said Friday.“Yes, I had a crush on my Grade 7 teacher, and, yes, she was photogenic and very smart.”Squires tweeted that she was at a loss for words.“I don’t even know what to say — so, so insulting, demeaning, inappropriate.”Fletcher served as a minister of state in former prime minister Stephen Harper’s cabinet between 2008 and 2013 before being shuffled out.In 2016, Fletcher ran for the Manitoba Tories after losing his federal seat and won. But a year later he was booted out of that caucus for publicly breaking with the party on a number of policies.He stood by his tweet Friday.“They’re not bad words. They’re not profanity or anything,” he said.“I would hazard a guess that virtually every single person who has made a comment on this has used the word ‘hottest’ in describing someone sometime in their life.”last_img read more

Frontier women Badass tough cookie survivor

first_imgAdvertisement LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment They’re women who play very different roles, from a prostitute to an Ojibwa warrior to an ambitious businesswoman, in the male-dominated and cutthroat world of 18th century fur trading.“It is a male world, but it was a male world,” said Frontier actress Diana Bentley as she walked the red carpet Saturday night in St. John’s ahead of the Discovery Canada series premiere.“They are being true to what the period was … and feeling in my own body as an actress what it would have been like to actually have to fight so hard to have to be heard and to rise to power and to be intimidating against male strength, it’s a really fun thing.” Advertisement Twitter Facebook Login/Register With: Advertisement Bentley plays Imogen, a prostitute who travels to Canada — then British North America — with a military commander, Lord Benton.“She’s a rather downtrodden character to begin with, but she’s really strong and she’s really fierce. And she’s a survivor and so she comes to the frontier to really break free out of this relationship, this horrible relationship that she has with the villain on the show,” Bentley said.last_img read more

Mills Institute Educational Airport Tour

first_imgFacebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Recommended for you TCI: Dear Teachers, ‘You make it possible’ says Education Minister Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppTurks and Caicos, March 13, 2017 – Providenciales – Students of the prestigious Mills Institute toured Providenciales International Airport and its Airport Fire Department on Tuesday, March 7, 2017.As a part of Education Week, teacher of grade 2, Mrs. Alexander wanted to take the students on a behind the scenes tour of the airport.   As children learn in many different ways it was important to arrange a tour that was not only educational, but also fun for the student.   The tour group consisted of 19 students and their chaperones who were guided by the Turks and Caicos Islands Airports Authority’s (TCIAA), Assistant Terminal Manager; Kelisa Forbes.The students toured the Domestic Airport operations, from check-in to departures.   They were all escorted to the tarmac where they excitedly watched a local aircraft taxi to the runway and take off for their island destination.The focus of the tour was to highlight the Fire Department.   The students were thrilled to see the firemen conduct their emergency drills.  They witnessed the alarm sound off, followed by firemen sliding down the pole then getting dressed in full suit to respond to a possible emergency.   Firemen gave a demonstration of their breathing apparatus and other tools.   No tour would be complete without the viewing of the fire trucks.   The fire trucks were driven to a testing site where water was sprayed to show their capabilities.   Students got to tour inside of the vehicles and even take pictures of this momentous occasion.“My son and his classmates truly enjoyed the airport tour, especially visiting the firemen who proudly demonstrated their skills to the group.   I think that he may want to be a fireman one day as this outing really inspired him.” Said parent, Donneka Hall.  Team TCIAA have conducted many tours over the years to a number of schools and groups.   We are always proud to show others what we do and what we have accomplished over the years.#MillsInstitute #EducationWeek #TCIAirportFireDepartmentcenter_img Related Items:#EducationWeek, #MillsInstitute, #TCIAirportFireDepartment Mills Institute gets training by Community Collegelast_img read more

Houston Real Estate Icon Turns 90

first_imgFlorian MartinWelcome Wilson Sr., a long-time Houston real estate developer, turns 90 on March 17. Listen Share X 00:00 /03:33center_img Welcome Wilson Sr. turns 90 years old on March 17.The iconic Houston real estate developer was a long-time chairman of the University of Houston Board of Regents.Many buildings across the region bear his signature.Among Wilson’s first developments in the region were Jamaica Beach and Tiki Island near Galveston. Both are now incorporated cities.His firm, Welcome Group, now develops industrial facilities.Wilson’s impressive resume also includes government positions. He served in the Executive Office of the President under Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy and was named Special Ambassador to Nicaragua under Lyndon B. Johnson.We sat down with Wilson to talk about how Houston has been evolving over the many years he has worked here. To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code:last_img read more

Information sharing interferes with wisdom of crowds study

first_img Is that your final answer? Study suggests method for improving individual decisions More information: How social influence can undermine the wisdom of crowd effect, PNAS, Published online before print May 16, 2011, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1008636108AbstractSocial groups can be remarkably smart and knowledgeable when their averaged judgements are compared with the judgements of individuals. Already Galton [Galton F (1907) Nature 75:7] found evidence that the median estimate of a group can be more accurate than estimates of experts. This wisdom of crowd effect was recently supported by examples from stock markets, political elections, and quiz shows [Surowiecki J (2004) The Wisdom of Crowds]. In contrast, we demonstrate by experimental evidence (N = 144) that even mild social influence can undermine the wisdom of crowd effect in simple estimation tasks. In the experiment, subjects could reconsider their response to factual questions after having received average or full information of the responses of other subjects. We compare subjects’ convergence of estimates and improvements in accuracy over five consecutive estimation periods with a control condition, in which no information about others’ responses was provided. Although groups are initially “wise,” knowledge about estimates of others narrows the diversity of opinions to such an extent that it undermines the wisdom of crowd effect in three different ways. The “social influence effect” diminishes the diversity of the crowd without improvements of its collective error. The “range reduction effect” moves the position of the truth to peripheral regions of the range of estimates so that the crowd becomes less reliable in providing expertise for external observers. The “confidence effect” boosts individuals’ confidence after convergence of their estimates despite lack of improved accuracy. Examples of the revealed mechanism range from misled elites to the recent global financial crisis. Social influence effect: Social influence diminishes group diversity without diminishing the collective error. Typical examples of experimental sessions for three information conditions, displaying five individual responses. Image (c) PNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1008636108 Citation: Information sharing interferes with ‘wisdom of crowds’: study (2011, May 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-05-wisdom-crowds.html (PhysOrg.com) — A statistical phenomenon, called the Wisdom of Crowds, happens when a group of individuals make guesses and the average of the guesses reveal accurate average answers. However, researchers have discovered that when the individuals are made aware of other participant’s guesses, there is a clear disruption to the accuracy of the guesses. © 2010 PhysOrg.com The study, led by mathematician Jan Lorenz and sociologist Heiko Rahut from Switzerland’s ETH Zurich published their recent findings in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, showing that even a small amount of social influence on a group can interfere with the Wisdom of Crowd effect.For the study, researchers brought in 144 students and placed them in isolated locations and asked them to guess things like how many crimes were committed in 2006 and what the population density of Switzerland was. Based on the accuracy of their answers, participants were given a small monetary award and then the process was repeated for a total of four rounds. The students were broken up into two groups, with one group receiving information on what other peers had guessed and the other remaining isolated.As each round continued, the group with no influence by other peers showed their results becoming more accurate. The individuals that received information on what their peers were guessing however showed less accuracy in their answers.Researchers found that those receiving social input from their peers either led individuals to second guess themselves or, seeing others may have answered the same, become more confident in their incorrect responses. According to the results of the study, the Wisdom of Groups phenomenon appears to only be accurate when the individuals in the group are not aware or influenced by others in the group. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore furtherlast_img read more