FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享S&P Global Market Intelligence ($):U.S. coal production is down for the second straight quarter and average employment held flat compared to the prior period, according to an analysis of preliminary first-quarter data available from federal regulators.Coal companies have been finding opportunities in export markets in recent months, but continue to face a declining domestic customer base that has been hesitant to buy much coal, at least at the prices companies are seeking. While the export opportunities appear to have given a boost to the balance sheets of the parts of the sector that have reported earnings so far, coal volumes fell about 3.1% as average coal employment ticked up less than one-third of a percent in the period.Mines reporting data so far produced 186.6 million tons of coal in the first period, according to an S&P Global Market Intelligence analysis of available data from the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration, down from 192.7 million in the fourth quarter and down from 195.2 million tons from the same mines in the year-ago first quarter. The analysis excludes historical mine production and employment data for mines that did not yet have first-quarter data available. Mines reporting so far in the first quarter accounted for about 96% of reported coal production and about 98% of reported employment in the fourth quarter of 2017.While an aging coal fleet continues to dwindle and high utility stockpiles leave many power generators with the option to delay coal purchases, seaborne buyers of coal have created an outlet for some producers to pull tons out of the domestic market. Companies reporting earnings so far have touted success in both thermal and metallurgical coal markets abroad.Metallurgical coal markets tend to be more volatile and as a swing supplier, the U.S. traditionally supplies the market when prices go higher. Seaport Global Securities analyst Mark Levin recently said that for this cycle, much of the lowest-hanging production fruit has been picked at U.S. coal operations that have ramped up or recovered from production issues last year. While new projects are under development, he noted that greenfield development, even for high-margin metallurgical coal mines, has been “relatively sparse.”More ($): Early Data Hints At Coal Volume Decline, Flat Employment In Q1’18 Coal Output Continues Downward Trend
Of the 5,327 women currently working in UN peacekeeping missions, just 158 are Indonesian.They are deployed across seven UN peacekeeping operations: in Lebanon (UNIFIL), the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO), the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), South Sudan (UNMISS), Darfur (UNAMID), Mali (MINUSMA) and Western Sahara (MINURSO).Since 1999, Indonesia has sent more than 570 female personnel to various UN peacekeeping missions.While the UN encourages countries to deploy a force that is at least 15 percent female, the figure for women in Indonesia’s peacekeeping contingent still hovers below 5 percent, according to official sources.The Indonesian government is working to raise this ratio to 10 percent.In recent years, peacekeeping has gained a notorious reputation for incidents of sexual violence committed by peacekeepers against civilians, including reports of peacekeepers bartering humanitarian aid for sex. Over 200 people reported sexual violence and exploitation committed by UN personnel in 2018, according to a 2019 report by the UN secretary-general’s office.Read also: Why there are so few women in UN peacekeepingThe issue has become a priority in Indonesia’s multilateral diplomacy agenda under Retno, the nation’s first female top diplomat.It was also the first time that the UNSC has passed a resolution specifically addressing the issues faced by women in peacekeeping. Initiated by Indonesia, the draft resolution was cosponsored by all members of the council and dozens of other UN member states.As UNSC president, Indonesia led meetings and convened general debate sessions and other fora, as well as facilitating reports and exchanges of information on behalf of the council.The nation also assumed the presidency of the council in May last year, nearly a year after it was elected to serve as a nonpermanent member for the 2019-2020 period.In the last week of its presidency, Indonesia held conference meetings on international peace and security caused by terrorist acts and on the Middle East conflict, as well as an Arria formula meeting on cybersecurity.Under its leadership, the UNSC also passed on Aug. 28 a resolution to extend the mandate of UNIFIL and another resolution on the UN mission in Somalia (UNSOM).It also conducted “sofa talks”, informal discussions to find common ground between opposing views on various controversial issues in the UN body. It is a new format that Indonesia initiated, where members meet without an agenda and without meeting records.“Indonesia has contributed both intellectually and to the improvement of working methods at the UNSC in seeking out breakthroughs on issues that have been difficult to discuss,” said Grata Endah Werdaningtyas, the ministry’s director for international security and disarmament.“By presenting a ‘sofa talk’ format, for instance, we are inspired by the spirit of mutual cooperation and a culture of working things out as a family that is characteristic of Indonesian society,” she said.As a “middle power” in Asia, Indonesia continually seeks to leverage itself as the world’s third-largest democracy and the largest economy in Southeast Asia, among other things, in line with the constitutional mandate of maintaining global peace.The nation ranks seventh in terms of diplomatic influence, according to the 2019 Lowy Institute’s Asia Power Index.Topics : The adoption of a United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolution that aims to empower women peacekeepers marked the end of Indonesia’s month-long council presidency in August, as the nation entered the last stretch of its two-year term on the esteemed global body.The UNSC adopted Resolution 2538 (2020) regarding female personnel in UN peacekeeping missions on Aug. 28 by consensus.“Resolution 2538  is the first resolution in the history of Indonesian diplomacy [to be adopted by] the UN Security Council,” Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi said over the weekend. “At the same time, this is proof of Indonesia’s contribution to enhancing the role of women as agents of peace.”The main elements contained in the resolution include the need to increase the number of female personnel in UN missions, training cooperation; the establishment of networks and databases for female personnel; enhancing safety and security and providing special facilities for female personnel; and initiating UN cooperation with regional organizations on the matter.”Support for this Indonesian initiative is inseparable from Indonesia’s diplomacy, credibility and track record in UN peacekeeping missions,” Retno said.Women constitute just over 6 percent of the total UN peacekeeping force today, the shortfall derives from the low proportion of female peacekeepers deployed by troop-contributing countries, including Indonesia.
Siemens Gamesa has selected Green Wind to organise and supervise all switching operations during the commissioning of the offshore transformer platform and the wind turbines at the 112MW EnBW Albatros wind farm in the German North Sea.The transformer platform and the wind farm’s 16 Siemens Gamesa 7MW turbines are scheduled to be commissioned by the end of 2019, the Berlin-based Green Wind said.Green Wind’s scope of services also includes the simulation of planned switching processes, the monitoring of commissioning by remote and partially on-site communication, and the creation and dynamic adaptation of all necessary switching programs.In addition, the entire network structure is mapped within the Green Wind control room software in the form of a so-called “digital twin,” and prepared for manual control and optional telecontrol.“The Albatros contract opens another door for us into the offshore market,” said Manuel Lasse, Green Wind’s Managing Director.“We are currently one of the few independent companies with a 24/7 control room and a highly competent team that can offer this range of services. We are delighted that Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy has placed its trust in us, and that we can make an important contribution to Germany’s largest offshore wind farm project currently under construction.”The EnBW Albatros wind farm is being built some 104 kilometres off the coast of Germany, in the immediate vicinity of the 497MW EnBW Hohe See offshore wind farm. The two projects are being built as one and are due to be put into operation by the end of 2019.