Antarctic non-native species legislation is contained within the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, with 2016 marking the 25th anniversary of its adoption. We take this opportunity to evaluate the Antarctic Treaty signatory Parties’ collective development and implementation of non-native species policy. In general, scientific and policy outputs have increased in the past decade. However, data detailing Parties’ current implementation of biosecurity practices are not readily available. Little widespread, internationally coordinated or systematic monitoring of non-native species establishment has occurred, but available data suggest that establishment of non-native micro-invertebrates may be greatly underestimated. Several recent small-scale plant eradications have been successful, although larger-scale eradications present a greater challenge due to seed bank formation. Invertebrate establishment within research station buildings presents an increasing problem, with mixed eradication success to date. The opportunity now exists to build on earlier successes, such as the ‘CEP Non-native Species Manual’, towards the development of a comprehensive response strategy based upon the principles of prevention, monitoring and response, and applicable to all Antarctic environments. To help facilitate this we identify areas requiring further research and policy development, such as to reduce anthropogenic transfer of indigenous Antarctic species between distinct biogeographic regions, avoid microbial contamination of pristine areas and limit introduction of non-native marine species. A response protocol is proposed for use following the discovery of a potential non-native species within the Antarctica Treaty area, which includes recommendations concerning Parties’ initial response and any subsequent eradication or control measures.
Editor’s note: This is the first in a five-day series discussing the role of women at Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s, in honor of the 40th anniversary of coeducation at the University this year. As Notre Dame celebrates 40 years of coeducation, Saint Mary’s alumnae still remember a time when the two schools considered merging to create one Catholic college for both men and women under the Holy Cross order. While the merger fell apart in 1971, College archivist John Kovach said he believes the merger was a good idea at first. “At the time I definitely think it made sense to merge,” Kovach said. “In theory, however, the colleges quickly found out that no one wanted to lose and in situations such as this, one college was going to lose. “When looking at this era of the merger there were over 300 women’s colleges, that number has increasingly gone down. Today, it is a very unique choice to come to a women’s college.” A spring 1983 issue of The Courier, Saint Mary’s alumnae magazine, offered a timeline of the events leading up to the failed merger. Beginning in September 1965, the universities introduced a new co-exchange program through which students could take courses at either college, the timeline stated. This program marked a new beginning for the long-standing relationship of the two campuses since crossover classes for students on the neighboring campuses had not been an opportunity before. By May of 1969, Saint Mary’s and Notre Dame agreed to expand the co-exchange program. The colleges modified the freshman liberal arts curriculum to be consistent across campuses, introduced integrated dining options and seating at athletic events and synced academic calendars. While these measures hinted at a potential merger, both University President Emeritus Fr. Theodore Hesburgh and President Emeritus Monsignor John McGrath, presidents of the respective colleges at the time, issued a joint statement denying any rumors of a merger at the time. Senior Jessica Lopez, who studied the non-merger for over a year for her senior comprehensive project, said she believes the colleges considered the merger primarily for the benefit of Notre Dame students’ gender relations. “I found that it seemed what Notre Dame was interested in was what all-male colleges used in order to combine with a sister school,” Lopez said. “They would say they wanted to use the merger to act as a civilizing influence to prepare for real world interactions with women. Saint Mary’s would have given those benefits to Notre Dame.” In her findings, Lopez saw a diversity of opinions among students and faculty at the time. “There were some strong sentiments from students and some faculty,” Lopez said. “Some didn’t consider it a good option for Saint Mary’s. Even at Notre Dame people were against the merger. Fr. James Burtchaell, provost at Notre Dame during that time, asserted that Notre Dame did not need to merge with Saint Mary’s, but rather the College needed to merge with Notre Dame to survive.” According to the timeline, in May of 1971, the Boards of Trustees at both institutions formally approved plans to seek unification. According to a statement from that time, “the ultimate goal of this unification is a single institution with one student body of men and women, one faculty, one president and administration and one board of trustees.” The statement noted the preservation of Saint Mary’s identity would be by the matriculation of all women undergraduates of the University through Saint Mary’s as the college of record. It also recognized the importance of financial viability of any plan to merge the two institutions. According to a statement from the Board of Trustees from Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s, the ultimate goal of this unification was to form a single institution with one student body of men and women, one faculty, one president and administration and one Board of Trustees. “Unification of all academic departments of ND and SMC should be accomplished by the start of 1972-73,” the statement said. “The academic year 1974-75 is the target date for the completion of unification, but it is hoped that it might be accomplished even before that time.” However, by November of 1971, Mother Olivette Whalen and Edmund Stephan, chairpersons of the Saint Mary’s and Notre Dame Board of Trustees, respectively, issued a joint statement announcing the two institutions would “indefinitely suspend unification negotiation,” because organizers were “unable to solve financial and administrative problems.” Reconciling the financial differences between the two school’s budgets and pay to their employees, as well as the logistics in combining all the schools’ academic programs without losing any employees, became too difficult. Soon after, Notre Dame announced plans to begin accepting women directly. “Things started falling through,” Lopez said. “By December, all negotiations broke down. The administrations sent a letter to female applicants saying they could apply to both Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s or one or the other. There was another attempt to reopen negotiations the next year but nothing happened.” While a second attempt at a merger would be made the following year, Kovach said nothing materialized. “I think for something that is so important to the history of Saint Mary’s, I am surprised that so many decades later there still seems to be this aura of silence around the subject,” Kovach said. “The non-merger, I think, is the most important part of our college. We wouldn’t be here today, at least in this setting. We really bucked a trend and have proved successful. This success, I think is due to the leadership at the college. A merger wouldn’t have been an equal setting at all.” “There was a slow movement and sad decline in interest,” Lopez said. “Overall, there was no climactic point to the merger becoming a non-merger, the outcome just slopes downward.” Many students of the Class of 1975 accepted the offer to come to Saint Mary’s under the assumption the College would be merging with Notre Dame their freshman year, however. This caused for mixed feelings among the student body. “Mostly I remember the anger, disappointment and frustration when the merger didn’t go through,” Mary Meruisse Richardson, a 1975 alumna, said. “I remember the song, ‘There’s a Riot Going On’ wafting out from dorm windows. I felt betrayed because I had accepted to come expecting the merger to go through and then it didn’t. When the merger fell apart, many of my friends transferred to ND. It split up our class and that was hard.” Mary-Margaret Anthonie Ney, also a 1975 alumna, said emotions ran high after the non-merger went public. “In some old editions of The Observer they covered many protests. We even made national news,” Ney said. “When it first happened, there was lot of resentment. … We never really heard a good explanation for why it was called off. It settled down after a while, though, and people made decisions. I chose to stay at Saint Mary’s as [a] Spanish major, which worked out really well for me. My roommate transferred to Notre Dame because her major found a better fit there.” Class of 1975 alumna Jeanne Murabito said at first she had mixed feelings about the merger cancellation, but later decided she was pleased with the outcome. “I knew I could take classes at Notre Dame and be a part of that social life,” Murabito said. “I chose not to transfer after my freshman year although some of my friends did. At first I was upset about it, but now I realize I had the best of both worlds. I was a humanistic studies major and I couldn’t get that anywhere else. The professors’ personal commitment to the College was extraordinary. I do not regret my decision to stay at the College.” Amy Dardinger, assistant director of reunion giving, said many alumna from the Class of 1975 are overcoming the emotions of the non-merger and are giving back to the College more. “Many of them have come to the point that they appreciate that Saint Mary’s is still here,” she said. Because many women’s colleges merged with brother institutions at this time, most alumnae of these institutions find themselves returning to a fundamentally different college. “Now I think many alums return to the College and think ‘How lucky are we that we are able to return to a single-sex institution?’” Kovach said. “So many women’s colleges at this time merged with partner institutions and I think Saint Mary’s is very lucky to have not merged. I think that time has made some folks open their eyes to what the consequences of the merger really could have been. This really shaped the identity of the College.” Many alumnae of the college and that Class of 1975 said they are thankful Saint Mary’s remained independent. “It worked out very well for me,” Ney said. “I love Saint Mary’s, it’s a great place and I felt like I grew up there and became my own person. I am still very proud of Saint Mary’s.” Contact Jillian Barwick at [email protected] and Kaitlyn Rabach at [email protected]
Vermont Businesses for Social Responsibility (VBSR) announces the appointment of five new board members. ‘The staff and current board of VBSR are pleased to welcome five talented and capable people to serve on the VBSR Board of Directors. These new leaders will help VBSR continue to be a vital and positive force for socially responsible business policy and practice in Vermont’, said Andrea Cohen, Executive Director of VBSR. Brian Dunkiel, of Dunkiel Saunders Elliott Raubvogel and Hand, and current VBSR Board Chair said, ‘VBSR has just adopted an updated strategic plan and these new board members will play a critical role in ensuring that the goals are achieved. The 2012 Board is diverse in size, sector, and geographic region. VBSR’s smart business strategies have never been stronger or more relevant to strengthening Vermont’s economy and communities’ The five new board members include: David Blittersdorf, David Epstein, Stephen Morris, Avram Patt and Markey Read.David Blittersdorf is the founder of AllEarth Renewables, a company dedicated to the development, manufacture and deployment of residential-scale, grid-tied renewable energy systems. He currently lives in Charlotte in a home completely powered by renewable energy sources.David Epstein is a partner in TruexCullins Architecture and Interior Design, a long-time VBSR member He also currently serves on the board of the Vermont Foodbank and as a member of the Shelburne Historic Preservation and Design Advisory Committee.Stephen Morris, the co-founder of The Public Press, a book-publishing business that provides options for writers whose works are too specialized for traditional publishers. He is also the editor and publisher of Green Living and the author of six books. Avram Patt is the General Manager and CEO of Washington Electric Co-op, a consumer-owned rural electric utility that has been an early leader in promoting energy efficiency and developing local and renewable power supply sources. He also represents an 11-state region in the resolutions process of the National Rural Electric Cooperative association.Markey Read has worked for the past twenty years providing leadership development, team building, and professional employee development services to employers and individuals throughout Vermont with the company she founded, Career Networks. Markey is also the chapter coordinator for WBON in Williston, and is a member of the American Society of Training and Development.
By David Vergun / Department Of Defense / Edited by the Diálogo staff February 14, 2020 U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said Colombia is the United States’ “closest partner in Latin America,” and that he looks forward to strengthening their defense relationship even more.Esper welcomed Colombia’s Defense Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo to the Pentagon on February 7. Following the meeting, the two held a press briefing to discuss areas of cooperation between both nations.Esper highlighted the two nations’ shared, long, and rich history of cooperation around the world, including during the Korean War when Colombia deployed troops in support of the United Nations-led military effort to protect South Korea. Colombia, Ester continued, has also participated for decades in the multinational force and observers who are keeping the peace in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula.The defense relationship was on display when Colombia hosted a joint army airborne exercise in January, he added. Esper said he and Trujillo would discuss more opportunities for future multilateral exercises in the region.Key to security in the region is resolving the crisis in Venezuela, where the Nicolás Maduro regime continues to violate its own people’s human rights, the secretary said.Terrorists, illicit trafficking groups, and unwelcome foreign influence exacerbate the situation, Esper said, adding that the U.S. and other nations are seeking a peaceful transition to democracy in Venezuela.“We are grateful for everything Colombia has done to assist Venezuelans fleeing Maduro’s oppression,” Esper said.The U.S. is also working with Colombia to curb cocaine production and trafficking. Esper noted an increase in illicit drugs eradication in 2019. He said the pace of that work continues this year.Esper said he also met with leaders of the U.S. Coast Guard to discuss how, in cooperation with the U.S. Defense Department, to support Colombia and other nations in counter-narcotics activity.Esper congratulated Trujillo and Colombia for becoming NATO’s first Latin American global partner in 2018. “This was a critical step toward improving your interoperability with the alliance and increasing your participation in exercises and military education. Meanwhile, NATO will greatly benefit from your experiences in counterterrorism and other military activities.”Trujillo thanked U.S. and Colombian service members and police for putting their lives on the line. “They are all heroes, and we owe them our eternal gratitude for providing the security that allows us to build and maintain our nations’ democratic values, freedom and human rights.”“The United States is Colombia’s most important and strategic partner,” the defense minister said. “The bilateral Colombia-U.S. relationship has historically been characterized by strong ties of friendship and cooperation on many fronts.”Trujillo said he shares with the U.S. the hope for a rapid transition to democracy in Venezuela, the eradication of illicit crops, and ending terrorism. He added that he looks forward to even more cooperation between the two nations’ militaries.
continue reading » by: David DivittSince its launch last year, Apple Pay has seen significant uptake in the markets where it is available, no question. Latest figures show 42 percent of iPhone 6 owners have used the service, while JP Morgan says that over a million of its customers have uploaded their card details to use on the mobile payment platform.But it’s not all been plain sailing for the Cupertino firm, with reports indicating that Apple Pay is in fact acting as a backdoor for fraudsters.While Apple Pay has been hailed as one of the most secure mobile payment options because of its use of tokenization and biometric authentication, there is a weak link in the chain that has caused a surge in fraudulent transactions.As ever in payments, criminals adore a weak link, especially in a system that is otherwise very secure — this makes it all the more likely their fraud will go unnoticed.Gartner’s Avivah Litan explained how this problem is allowing fraudsters to bridge the gap between traditional, or card-present, transactions and the card-not-present world. It seems the issue is with banks’ verification processes. ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr
Photo: LOT So far this year, the Polish market has generated almost a million arrivals and more than six million overnight stays, which puts this market, along with Germany, Slovenia, Austria and Italy, among the top five foreign markets with the largest tourist traffic. Find out more about the profile of the Polish emitting market in the attachment. “I am convinced that the new direct line from Warsaw to Rijeka will bring Croatia closer to all Poles as an attractive and desirable destination, but also Rijeka as the European Capital of Culture. Our presence at the TT Warsaw fair is very important because it is a fair in which all key representatives of the Polish tourism industry participate.”, said the director of the CNTB Representation in Poland Agnieszka Puszczewicz, adding that our country still enjoys the status of one of the most popular foreign destinations among Poles. Attachment: Emitting market profile – Poland Emitting market profile – Poland The Representation of the Croatian National Tourist Board in Poland presents the Croatian tourist offer as part of the TT Warsaw fair, which is being held this year in the 27th edition from 21 to 23 November in Warsaw. At the grand opening of the fair The Polish airline LOT announced the opening of a new direct airline to Croatia, and it is a flight that will connect Warsaw and Rijeka from June 2020. Poles mostly travel in the summer months and during the winter school holidays. There has been a trend of shorter vacations, two to three times a year. Destinations with very good air connections are an advantage, which is certainly excellent information in accordance with the newly opened Warsaw-Rijeka airline.
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It claimed to be the first international asset manager to make SME loans directly available to institutional investors.In the new venture, Schroders is to line up investors while Neos will select companies that want to finance their growth.Neos said it wanted to fill the gap between bank financing and private equity, and that the level of interest charged was between covered short-term loans and mezzanine debt.It added that the duration of the issued loans was up to seven years.Quirijn Haak, director and co-founder of Rotterdam-based Neos, said: “We have a network of more than 50 local accountants and advisers who select the companies in the target group. Because the companies are their clients, our partners know them well.”According to Haak, who has also been associate director at merchant bank NIBC, Neos is able to assess a company’s loan application within a few days.Michel Vermeulen, director at Schroders’s Dutch division, said the asset manager chose Neos because of its track record.Haak attributed Neos’s success to the fact that it uses the approach and analysis of SME loans usually applied for much larger companies’ structured finance solutions.In his opinion, there are “tens of thousands of firms that would be eligible for this kind of direct loan”.He estimated the Dutch market at approximately €1.5bn annually.“The venture with Schroders should make it possible to service one-quarter of this market in the longer term,” he said. The €425bn global asset manager Schroders has taken a 25% stake in Dutch company Neos Business Finance, which issues loans to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).Neon, which has already provided loans on behalf of the industry-wide pension funds for the furnishing (Wonen) and retail sectors (Detailhandel) in the Netherlands, said it also expected to branch out into Belgium and the UK.To date, Neos has issued 75 loans of up to €1m each – and totalling €48m – through its MKB Impulsfund.Schroders said the new joint venture aimed to offer clients the option to invest in high-yielding loans to local medium-sized companies.
Batesville, In. — Officials in Batesville have approved a new 12-lot subdivision near downtown.Reports indicate the subdivision developed by Charlie Gillman would have starter and affordable homes.Batesville city council will consider the proposal next.
Ricky Thornton Jr. won a thriller, and $2,454, when the Kupper Chevrolet Dakota Classic Tour traveled to Southwest Speedway. (Photo by Mike Spieker)By Mike SpiekerDICKINSON, N.D. (July 11) – Winning streaks by both inclement weather and Hunter Marriott came to an end Wednesday night at Southwest Speedway.Ricky Thornton Jr. picked up the Kupper Chevrolet Dakota Classic IMCA Modified Tour win at Dickinson, ending both the streak of two straight wins by two-time defending champion Marriott and then back-to-back rainouts.R.C. Whitwell and Shawn Strand made up the front row for the 30-lap main event. Whitwell grabbed the lead before Thornton got a run to go from fourth to second on lap two, getting by both Strand and Ethan Dotson.The top three distanced themselves from the rest of the field at the halfway point. With 14 to go, Whitwell found himself in lapped traffic and had to move away from the preferred bottom groove, which allowed Thornton to reel him in.Thornton dove to the inside with 10 to go to take the lead but Whitwell didn’t go down without a fight. The Arizona driver battled back to go three wide with Thornton along with a lapped car in the mix. Whitwell reclaimed the lead with six to go as Marriott moved into third.Thornton went back to the low groove to pull even with Whitwell. Thornton drove back into the lead with four to as Marriott looked to challenge Whitwell for second.“Me and R.C. definitely had a hard race there. He gave me plenty of room… I gave him plenty of room and we ended up on top,” said Thornton from victory lane.The win paid $2,454. Thornton, the 2015 tour champion, was already on the Fast Shafts All-Star Invitational ballot.A stout field of 31 IMCA Sunoco Stock Cars made the call for the night’s 25-lap feature, won by four-time tour champion Elijah Zevenbergen.Elijah Zevenbergen scored another IMCA Sunoco Stock Car victory during the July 11 Dakota Classic Tour program at Southwest Speedway. (Photo by Mike Spieker)Fourth starting Austin Daae came up to challenge Keith Mattox and Chris Heim on lap two. The trio went three wide down the backstretch with Daae emerging as the leader. Zevenbergen raced his way to second by the first caution, on lap four.After racing side by side for two circuits, Zevenbergen prevailed on the low side to take the lead. Once out front, Zevenbergen checked out to claim his second win on the 2018 tour. Dalton Flory edged out Daae for second, while Angel Munoz charged from 13th to fourth.Feature ResultsModifieds – 1. Ricky Thornton Jr.; 2. Hunter Marriott; 3. R.C. Whitwell; 4. Jason Wolla; 5. Ethan Dotson; 6. Kelly Shryock; 7. Shawn Strand; 8. Tom Berry Jr.; 9. Billy Kendall III; 10. Tim Ward; 11. Jason Beaulieu; 12. Robert Hellebust; 13. Alex Stanford; 14. Steven Pfeifer; 15. Eddie Belec; 16. John Corell; 17. Dylan Goplen; 18. Paul Stone; 19. Justin O’Brien; 20. Travis Peery; 21. Kody Scholpp; 22. Chris Schroeder; 23. Chris Bragg; 24. Dan Aune; 25. Troy Girolamo; 26. Josh Rogotzke; 27. Kyle Brown; 28. Marlyn Seidler; 29. Travis Olheiser; 30. Travis Hagen.Stock Cars – 1. Elijah Zevenbergen; 2. Dalton Flory; 3. Austin Daae; 4. Angel Munoz; 5. Jason Rogers; 6. Joe Flory; 7. Jake Nelson; 8. Chris Heim; 9. Matt Speckman; 10. Rob Stenvold; 11. Scott Yale; 12. Dave Moriarty; 13. Curt Lund; 14. A.J. Dancer; 15. Scott Gartner; 16. Keith Mattox; 17. Colin Heim; 18. Jody York; 19. Jeremy Swanson; 20. Andy Altenburg; 21. Beau Deschamp; 22. Blake Adams; 23. Cody Nelson; 24. Kirk Martin.