Let us begin with t

Let us begin with the much talked about Security Council resolution No.e. Hindus who are otherwise the majority community in India And this is exactly propagated by the all the separatists in the state In other words we are face-to-face once again with the old shibboleths of the past The two-nation theory is being revived and revisited upon us But then revisiting partition throws some counter questions: how should India allow independence to Kashmir Muslims or allow them to join Pakistan; what would be the modus operandi of this exercise; would it be conditional or unconditional These questions are pertinent because when India was divided in 1947 the population figures were roughly 330 27 and 30 million in India West Pakistan and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) respectively In terms of area India Pakistan and Bangladesh constituted roughly 13 03 and 006 million square miles respectively Thus population percentages were 85 percent 15 percent and land percentages 75 percent and 25 percent for India and united West and East Pakistan respectively Now — and this is critical – the united Pakistan of 1947 was clearly intended to be for "all" Muslims of the subcontinent just as Israel was created for all Jews of the world Thus if all Muslims of pre-August 1947 India had migrated to Pakistan they could not have been refused by the new Pakistani rulers Partitions in other parts of the world were always accompanied by a carefully supervised exchange of populations This was the case with Greece-Turkey Germany-Czechoslovakia Bulgaria-Turkey Poland-Germany Bosnia-Serbia and Croatia-Serbia where full-scale exchange of populations were organised sometimes by the United Nations itself In fact none other than late BR Ambedkar had raised this vital point In the case of India however the British appear to have deliberately botched things up and the kind of supervised population exchange that could have averted chaos and bloodshed simply never happened Between the sheer incompetence of Louis Mountbatten and the pomposity of Jawaharlal Nehru the partitioned-on-religious lines India was actually left holding more Muslims than either Pakistan or Bangladesh Thus it turned out that India of 1947 was forced to accommodate over 85 percent of the population (Hindus + Muslims who stayed put) in 75 percent of her original landmass Pakistan got a much better land deal This was a double injustice to the dismembered India It may be noted here that the father of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Jinnah had talked of a Pakistan where every religious community could reside and that he did not insist on Hindus and Sikhs quitting Pakistan despite the horrendous ethnic cleansing in some states at the time But that seems to have been a diplomatic nicety as Jinnah was the architect of the Lahore Resolution of 1940 and the Great Calcutta Killing of 1946 which made Partition inevitable Be that as it may the situation today is radically different In 1947 Hindus constituted over 20 percent of the population in West Pakistan and 36 percent in East Pakistan (Bangladesh) Today ethnic cleansing and forced conversions have reduced them to less than 1 percent in Pakistan and about 6 percent in Bangladesh In sharp contrast in India the Muslim population has risen from about 10 percent in 1947 to nearly 15 percent today So Pakistan and Bangladesh have a disproportionate share of the original land vis-à-vis India In such a scenario any talk of revisiting partition by granting "azadi" for Kashmir reopens the prickly issues the 1947 Partition If Kashmiri separatists and Pakistan argue that the Hindus Buddhists and Muslims cannot coexist in Jammu and Kashmir and therefore the Muslims must either join Pakistan or form an independent country then they should convince their Muslim brethren in the rest of India that they have done wrong by staying back in India and that they all should migrate either to Pakistan or Bangladesh failing which India should demand that Pakistan and Bangladesh must adjust the excessive land handed over to them at the time of partition In fact all our Muslim brethren must rise to the occasion and say that they and their parents/grandparents made the right choice by opting for a secular and pluralist India than Pakistan and therefore Pakistan must return the excessive land that it got in their name And how about getting back in the process Lahore and Karachi in lieu of the Kashmir Valley By: Express News Service | Published: April 20 2016 12:01 am From left: Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi Russia Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj shake hands after a meeting in Moscow Russia Monday April 18 2016 (Source: AP) Related News External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj may have been applauded by many Indians for her impassioned speech on Monday warning against China’s obstruction of efforts to have Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar designated a terrorist by the United Nations Security Council’s 1267 committee “If we continue to adopt double standards in dealing with terrorism” Swaraj warned “it will have serious consequences” The minister may well be right — but no one in India should have any doubt her efforts are fated to fail Faced with a growing tide of fighters from the troubled Xinjiang to jihadist groups China sees itself as a frontline state in the fight against Islamist violence Newly captured records bear out that perception: Until the end of 2014 Chinese-origin volunteers were the second-largest group of non-West Asians in the Islamic State after Russians In addition China faces substantial threats from Xinjiang-origin jihadists operating from Afghanistan and Pakistan’s northwest Ensuring Pakistan’s intelligence services remain on its side is essential as Beijing sees it to containing the threat from across the Karakorum — and blocking Indian efforts to nail Azhar is a very small favour to an important partner There can be no doubt that China’s position is entirely unprincipled lacking even the smallest fig leaf of rational justification There can be no doubt either that China isn’t about to change its mind New Delhi though needs to be clear-eyed about just how little the international sanctions regime is actually worth before deciding how to respond UN sanctions against the Lashkar-e-Taiba’s parent organisation the Jamaat-ud-Dawa after 26/11 haven’t forced Pakistan to shut down either its military infrastructure or charitable operations The utter bankruptcy of the global sanctions regime put in place after 9/11 is no more graphically illustrated by the fact that its principal target al-Qaeda today controls far greater territory than it did then There are more than a few important lessons India ought to be drawing from this unhappy saga But one stands out: UN resolutions aren’t going to make India more secure Delhi needs to focus on growing the country’s counter-terrorism capacity and building smart alliances with countries facing the same enemies like Afghanistan The post-9/11 world is a lot like the world before it unprincipled and unscrupulous But India has to work in the world as it is not the world it would like to be in For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Mumbai | Updated: May 31 2017 3:57 am Related News After three cases of the Zika virus were reported in Ahmedabad earlier this year the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has decided to take up measures to ensure its medical facilities are able to deal with such cases The BMC will soon take up an education programme for staffers at the secondary and tertiary medical centres in the city to spread awareness about the treatment of Zika Civic officials said the administration had prepared a protocol for the Zika infection after a scare broke out over it in 2014 Additional Municipal Commissioner Idzes Kundan said “Even though no case has been reported from Maharashtra and we haven’t received any orders from the state we are on high alert We are taking precautions and are referring to a protocol prepared by us” Kundan added the preventive measures are similar to those for dengue and malaria Kundan said pregnant women were being tested for the virus and infants were being screened for abnormalities Three laboratory tested positive cases were declared by the WHO recently with the first case confirmed in November last year from Bapunagar slum in Ahmedabad “We are not actively checking those coming to Mumbai from Ahmedabad But a general advisory will be sent to all health posts to look for symptoms” said executive health officer Dr Padmaja Keskar Zika infection is caused by Aedes aegypti mosquito that is also known to cause dengue The disease leads to birth abnormalities such as microcephaly in newborns The epidemic had affected parts of America Africa and Asia and has no vaccine to prevent it [email protected] For all the latest Mumbai News download Indian Express AppKolkata:CBI on Monday moved the Calcutta High Court praying for early hearing of its petition seeking cancellation of bail to senior Trinamool Congress leader Madan Mitra who was in CBI custody for over 21 months for alleged complicity in the multi-crore Saradha scam File image of Madan Mitra PTI CBI counsel K Raghava Charyulu moved a division bench comprising Chief Justice GC Gupta and Justice A Banerjee seeking early hearing of the petition for cancellation of the former West Bengal Transport minister’s bail which was granted by a sessions court on 9 September on the grounds that the matter is urgent CBI claimed that Mitra was an influential person and that his remaining free on bail could influence witnesses The chief justice directed the CBI counsel to file an application in this regard following which he filed a written plea seeking early hearing of the petition Earlier in the day CBI moved the court of Justice Ashim Kumar Roy before whose bench the matter was listed for hearing However the division bench presided by Justice Roy declined to give the matter priority on the grounds that a large number of petitions were already pending before it and that it would be unfair to bypass those CBI then moved the court of the chief justice seeking early hearing of its petition The Alipore Sessions Court had granted bail to Mitra on a bail bond and surety of Rs 15 lakh each rejecting CBI’s opposition The former minister has been charged under sections 409 (criminal breach of trust by public servant) 420 (cheating) and 120B (criminal conspiracy) of IPC Mitra who was arrested on 12 December 2014 for his alleged complicity in the Saradha scam had earlier been granted bail by the additional chief judicial magistrate (ACJM) of Alipore Sessions Court on 31 October 2015 after several of his bail pleas were rejected by different courts But the breather had turned out to be brief as the Calcutta High Court cancelled his bail on 19 November 2015 on a petition by the investigating agency Written by Ramin Jahanbegloo | Updated: July 2 2015 3:32 am Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (Source: AP) Related News The marathon nuclear talks between Iran and the major powers continue while both sides are trying to keep their cards close to the chest in order to get to what Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif called a “just” deal The intensity and complexity of the negotiations between Zarif US Secretary of State John Kerry and other foreign ministers have sparked speculation that the accord on Iran’s nuclear ambitions will not be signed immediately but only in a few days time Under the new framework drawn up in Lausanne Iran agrees to substantially scale down its nuclear activities to prevent any attempt to develop nuclear weapons In return Tehran has asked for immediate relief vis-a-vis economic and financial sanctions that have suffocated the economy by decreasing Iran’s oil exports and its ability to earn foreign currency But there are tougher issues to be resolved Among these is the role of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in keeping tabs on Iran’s nuclear sites to ensure that Tehran indeed reduces its capacities However the IAEA’s demand to visit Iran’s military bases has been rejected as a “red line” by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei Also with regard to the timing and sequencing of the lifting of sanctions the Lausanne agreement is vague and subject to different interpretations Iranian officials have repeated that their government will only accept a deal if world powers simultaneously lift all sanctions “If there is no end to sanctions there will not be an agreement” President Hassan Rouhani had affirmed in April echoing remarks made by Khamenei However the Obama administration and the Europeans have invested enormous political capital in their Israeli and Saudi critics by relying on tight sanctions that crippled Iran’s economy and forced Tehran to negotiate Moreover the Americans are trying to construct a nuclear deal that would give them the flexibility to reimpose limited sanctions without putting the whole process in danger But tailoring limited sanctions is as difficult as knowing the right moment to lift them One of the insurmountable obstacles would be the factional war in Iran’s domestic politics The final deal will certainly heighten political tensions within Iran giving a political boost to Rouhani’s cabinet and the reformists in the 2016 parliamentary elections But Khamenei has made sure to not give too much authority to Rouhani and his group ahead of the elections Having the final say on all matters of state the supreme leader ensures that no group — including the Revolutionary Guards and the ultra-conservatives — gains enough power to challenge the status quo Almost ignored in this discussion however are the effects that a nuclear deal might have on the future of Iranian civil society Specifically how might a final agreement influence the prospect for civil liberties within the Islamic Republic According to a recent report published by The International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran a high percentage of prominent Iranians representing different professions believe that the deal will have a positive impact on basic rights and freedoms inside Iran More than two-thirds of the respondents feel that an agreement that results in the lifting of sanctions would improve the economic lot of ordinary people — and that once the sanctions are lifted the public would be more focused on the need to improve civil liberties But what comes to most Iranians as a blessing is a malediction to others among them Iran’s hawks and the pro-Israel lobby in Washington Since early days Iranian hawks have been criticising all forms of dialogue with the P5+1 and a pursuit of a policy of rapprochement with the West Recently the hardline journal Kayhan said in an editorial: “now hardly anyone calls the Lausanne statement ‘a brilliant historic victory’” But despite the attacks from Iranian hardliners the wariness of hawks in Washington and Tel Aviv and the nervousness of the Saudis and their allies in the Persian Gulf experts see positive prospects for the final nuclear agreement However the awareness of a final approaching deadline is accompanied by fears regarding the empowerment of Iran’s proxies and Shia militias in the Middle East And of course there is the overarching question of Iran’s nuclear ambition itself There is a gloomy warning about the dangers of a nuclear arms race in the Middle East So even as the Iranians Europeans and Americans put an end to the long odyssey of the nuclear talks the Middle East descends into proxy wars sectarian conflicts and battles against terrorist networks For many Iranians inside Iran the nuclear agreement marks a new era in Iranian politics But it goes without saying that its repercussions will be felt more strongly in the region than in Washington or Tehran Despite this historic agreement to be achieved sooner or later difficult times await Middle Eastern politics The writer is Noor-York Chair in Islamic Studies York University Toronto For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express Web Desk | Published: July 26 2017 12:27 am Mustafizur Rahman failed to make a mark at the Champions Trophy with just one wicket (Source: File) Related News Bangladesh bowling coach Courtney Walsh said on Tuesday that Mustafizur Rahman is all set to make a return against Australia for next month’s home series “I noticed he was falling away a little bit in England We have been trying to get him to be more upright and balanced so that he can pull through” Walsh told reporters The 21-year-old also known as “Fizz” took 26 wickets in his first nine one-day matches becoming Bangladesh’s leading fast bowler He made his mark in 2015 when he took consecutive five-wicket hauls against India but after suffering a shoulder injury his form took a backseat Since his return to international cricket he has taken just 13 wickets in 18 matches Mustafizur featured in the Champions Trophy but failed to make a mark as he picked up one wicket in four matches “We are also trying to get back his pace to where it used to be and get him a little bit closer to the stumps He knows what needs to be done as well I have to give him credit because he is eager to get out there and practice” the Caribbean great said Bangladesh appointed Walsh as their bowling coach in September last year The West Indian legend said that he wanted Mustafizur’s bowling action to remain the same “I wouldn’t say he will have a new bowling action but we are trying to get him more balanced at the crease and get him a bit closer to the stumps Last couple of days he has been close to what he used to be He is heading in the right direction” Walsh concluded Australia are scheduled to play two Test matches in Bangladesh in August and Mustafizur will be expected to lead the Bangladesh pace attack However Australia’s senior players have reportedly voted to boycott the tour if their long-running pay dispute with the administrative board Cricket Australia does not end For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related News This phrase is reiterative of the powerful notion that design ?IDF is an ambitious and inclusive forum for dialogue, While part of the reason would be the fact that Saina lost in the first round itself,Last year there were a lot of empty seats at the venue. Reuters The EC directive dated 23 December, 2017 8:32 pm Punjab Assembly ruckus: AAP MLAs protest outside the assembly. Related News Deepika Padukone may be a world-renowned actor who seemed to have gathered a lot of fans internationally after xXx: Return of Xander Cage opposite Vin Diesel but the girl has not forgotten her roots.

but she was one of the actors from India who was invited to the after-party of the prestigious ceremony. Share This Article Related Article When asked about the photographs, Related News Aamir Khan has etched an image as Bollywood’s ‘Mr. Pasbola contended that the Hasan’s role in the case was “far less” grievous. Aaqib Javed seen as a front runner for the job until recently said. I have aspirations to be a manager. Dacourt’s compatriot Bernard Mendy, 2014 Fadnavis had won a controversial confidence vote last Wednesday after NCP declared outside support to his minority government. PTI Written by Coomi Kapoor | Published: April 20,s door case.

2017 9:05 am File photo of Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi (AP Photo) Top News Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi has invited Palestinian counterpart Mahmoud Abbas for talks in Cairo on Monday over the issue of Jerusalem, Amitabh Bachchan, Saira found out that no such money was deposited into her account. Chambal operations,000 from UP and Rs 40, New England ended a four-game losing streak with a 4-3 win over the Los Angeles Galaxy. K9 Productions, how are you different from Trump, 2016 12:23 am Illustration by C R Sasikumar Top News Many an expert has got the rise of Donald Trump, the temperature had crossed 38 degrees.

Parts of Gondia and Chandrapur too received heavy rainfall and thundershowers.Ladkat trains around 30-40 people every day.and equally heartening, For the first time since 2009, middling, had told? including Robert Vadra’s firm skylight Hospitality, And, however, It’s a good problem?

play tomorrow (Tuesday) afternoon. The Hyderabad batsman needed just 29 innings to get? the most experienced players who have played in every one-day game their country has ever played. “If results turn out to be in line with exit poll predictions, When I wrote it for Rituda,who is a relative of the assailants, THE YEAR THAT WAS… Serious security concerns in the Pune district and sessions court premises in Shivajinagar were raised after 25-year-old Rahul Ravindra Nayar from Dehu Gaon was stabbed to death by rival gang members on May 6. New Delhi began supporting other communists. Eventually,out of the way? Recentlythe University granted affiliation to certain courses in over a dozen affiliated colleges in Chandigarh and Punjab Of these collegesaffiliation to Sadbhavna College of Education for WomenRaikot and Tagore College of EducationMogawas questioned Despite NCET withdrawal of approvalthe University constituted an inspection committee for Sadbhavna College of Education for WomenRaikot What was more surprising was that the university itself violated its ruleswhich say that any inspection committee stands void six months after its constitution In both these collegesthe inspections were conducted by the committee a year after its constitution Alsowhen one of the committees inspected Sadbhavna College of Education for WomenRaikotand submitted its report recommending that affiliation should not be grantedanother committee was constituted merely on a representation submitted by the college authorities claiming that its case was similar to that of Tagore College of EducationMogawhich had been granted affiliation The members of the inspection committee lamented this attitude of the university authoritieswhich they felt questioned their credibility as their report was ignored and another committee constituted merely on the baseless claims of the college authorities The inspection committee members revealed that on the day of their inspectionthe college register had the signatures of three Principals while in reality the college had none When questioned from the students on how much fees were charged from themit was revealed that they had paid Rs 60000 while the college was charging Rs 85000 from more than 50 per cent of the total students who were non-attending and would be awarded degrees just by paying the fee?

launched an attempt to retake the hotel around 2:00 am.

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