Are you the number one Sailor Moon fan? The insanely popular franchise has scores of fans dotted around the globe, and it looks like the official Sailor Moon club based in Japan is ready to accept their adoration with open arms.The awkwardly named club is called Pretty Guardians2016-2017. Yes, that is exactly how they spelled and spaced the name, so that’s not some weird typo. What happens after 2017? Do you have to reapply for another club called All New Pretty Guardians 2018-2019? But seriously, we are excited.Despite the weird name, Moonies should get hype, because the club will open their registration to certain overseas countries from September 23 to October 22, 2016. Members of the club will receive special news and updates about the Sailor Moon franchise and community both online and in print.For a fee of $58 USD, international members will receive a cute membership card, “Make-Up Lip Gloss”, access to exclusive content via the Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon app (Yay, more games for me to waste my life on!), and ability to purchase exclusive items made just for fans.Although more official details of what overseas members will receive are still being released, by taking a look at what Japanese Pretty Guardian2016-2017 members get to enjoy, we are pretty excited at the prospect of getting a whole lot more. Japanese members also a subscription to the bi-monthly radio show hosted by Sailor Moon’s Japanese voice actress, Kotono Mitsuishi, a chance to enter the random drawings to purchase tickets for the Bishojo Senshi Sailor Moon Amour Eternal, the Sailor Moon musical being performed in Japan, and access to a secret Premium Bandai site made exclusively for them, which means first dibs at some awesome Sailor Moon merchandise.Awesome art that Japanese members get for signing up. Us too, please!Another art piece that Japanese members receive. Here’s hoping intenational fans get the same sweet swag!We pray and hope to the magical girl gods above that us overseas fans will get a chance at all of the same perks of the Japanese club members, and wait with bated breath for official details to be released this week.The areas where the club has announced they will expand to are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Puerto Rico, South Korea, Russia, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam.Overseas registration begins this Friday September 23rd here, so set your moon alarms!
The 1970s had a profound effect on Earth. But the “Me Decade” also left an impression on the Moon.Scientists believe they have solved a 40-year-old mystery of why the lunar subsurface warmed slightly during the Apollo missions.NASA’s third human spaceflight program, active between 1969 and 1972, saw 12 men walk on the moon—including pioneers Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin.But while U.S. astronauts were making history, they were also disrupting a celestial ecosystem.During the Apollo 15 and Apollo 17 missions, rocketeers conducted heat flow experiments (HFEs) by deploying probes on the Moon to measure the satellite’s internal temperatures.Astronaut Harrison Schmitt uses an adjustable sampling scoop to retrieve lunar samples during the Apollo 17 mission (via NASA)Scientists hopes these measurements would shed light on whether the Moon’s core was hot like Earth’s, and how much heat the rocks of its crust and mantle could generate.The raw temperature data was transmitted from space to NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, where it was recorded on open-reel magnetic tapes. Those tapes were then analyzed and archived.But when the experiments ended in 1977, only tapes from 1971 to ’74 were archived at Goddard Space Flight Center’s National Space Science Data Center. The rest—presumably still under examination—were never filed; three years of information was lost to time.Until now.A team of researchers recovered and restored major portions of the previously unarchived data from January 1975 to September 1977; their findings are detailed in a paper published by the American Geophysical Union’s Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets.Spoiler alert: The missing tapes were gathering dust at the Washington National Records Center, which stored documents for various U.S. federal agencies.The borestem and cable of the Apollo 15 heat flow probe 1 (left) and Apollo 17 probe 2 (via NASA)It turns out that by walking and driving a rover over the Moon’s previously unsullied surface, astronauts destroyed its equilibrium. As a result, the satellite reflected less of the Sun’s light back out to space, raising the temperature 1-2 degrees Celsius (1.8-3.6 degrees Fahrenheit).“In the process of installing the instruments you may actually end up disturbing the surface thermal environment of the place where you want to make some measurements,” lead study author Seiichi Nagihara, a planetary scientist at Texas Tech University, said in a statement.In hindsight, it seems obvious that shoving tools into the ground could upset the space environment. At least we can learn from our mistakes; this is certainly something for future lunar missions to think about.“That kind of consideration certainly goes into the designing of the next generation of instruments that will be someday deployed on the Moon,” Nagihara added.A Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) image of the vicinity of the Apollo 17 landing site (via NASA)By pairing the newly discovered data with images of the Moon’s surface from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, researchers were also able to map astronaut activity. Surface disturbance darkened the lunar soil, which absorbs more light from the sun, making it warmer.“It doesn’t take much disturbance to get that very subtle warming on the surface, Nagihara said. “So analysis of the historic data together with the new images of the Moon really helped us characterize how the surface warmed.”Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Rare Harvest Moon Will Light Up Night Sky on Friday the 13thIndia Finds Lost Vikram Lander on Moon’s Surface Stay on target