The Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA) has recorded 303 confirmed cases of dengue in Guyana, as of the first week of August.According to a report released by the Agency, the laboratory confirmed 303 cases – which is a long climb from 142 probable cases in 2015. Recently, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) had published a Zika-Epidemiological Report on Guyana and had reported the rise in dengue cases.However, that report indicated that there were 303 probable cases of the disease which had not yet been confirmed. According to the report, there was an incident rate of 37.5 cases per 100,000 of the Guyanese population.Of recent, dengue has been eclipsed by the emergence of Chikungunya and Zika, all of which are transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. The symptoms of all three of the viruses are identical, making it difficult to differentiate them. The symptoms include fever, rash, headache, and muscle and joint pain.Although, the Public Health Ministry has embarked on an intense fogging exercise and donation of treated mosquito nets, critics are calling on the institution to set up a strong education and awareness programme against the spread of the virus and its agent.Also, while the CARPHA has trained two Guyanese medical technologists from the National Public Health Reference Laboratory to test for the three vector-borne diseases, Guyana continues to send samples to the Agency in Trinidad and Tobago for testing.The laboratory in Guyana was selected to be the principal testing site, since the cases of mosquito-borne diseases in the country were on the rise. So far, there have been 5375 reported cases of Chikungunya, with 264 confirmed cases and 35 confirmed cases of Zika in Guyana.The Ministry has urged persons to get rid of breeding sites for mosquitoes by disposing of old tyres and containers in their yards that have stagnant water. They were also urged to keep their drains and waterways clean and dispose of their garbage properly.
WASHINGTON – The government has decided to maintain the testing and ratings system it uses to help consumers evaluate new automobiles in head-on collisions despite complaints that the program needs an upgrade. The decision, to be published today in the Federal Register, calls for keeping the current 35-mph test in frontal crashes for the ratings system “until we have established the sound science necessary to provide a basis for revising the program.” The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration conducts frontal and side crash tests on vehicles, which are then rated on a scale of one star to five stars to help consumers judge how a vehicle handles a crash or a rollover. Five stars represents the top score. Authors of a Government Accountability Office report in April wrote that, because of the growth in popularity of sport utility vehicles and light trucks, the government’s crash test program, started in 1978, needs upgrades to remain relevant. Not upgrading the system “defeats the whole purpose” of having a consumer program that tests above the compliance level, she said, since recent changes to the minimum safety standards will require vehicles to be tested at 35 mph, an increase of 5 mph. Eron Shosteck, a spokesman for the Alliance for Automobile Manufacturers, said the industry supported more research and analysis of the data to find ways of improving the system. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORERose Parade grand marshal Rita Moreno talks New Year’s Day outfit and ‘West Side Story’ remake The report noted that most vehicles receive four or five stars, making it difficult for consumers to compare safety attributes in vehicles. The authors also questioned whether the system gives automakers enough incentives to improve vehicle safety. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration officials – in retaining the current consumer program of full-frontal barrier test procedure, test speed of 35 mph, crash-test dummies and rating system – said more research would be needed to establish a new frontal system. In a joint written report, they said such a system needs to complement safety standards and drive “the market toward improved safety for frontal occupant protection without unintended consequences.” Potential changes had included increasing the testing speed to 40 mph, adding an offset test that focuses the impact on one side of the vehicle’s front end and adding a variety of dummies to include ones simulating a petite woman and children. Officials also considered changing the rating system to make it more difficult to earn five stars. Jacqueline Gillan, vice president for Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety, which had supported upgrades to the program, said the consumer program had always “set the bar a little higher” than the federal safety standard cars must meet to be sold.