Alumnus speaks on U.S., India Relationship

first_imgNotre Dame alumnus Tim Roemer spoke Wednesday about the advances in technology that have transformed interaction and communication between the United States and India. Roemer, a Notre Dame alumnus, former U.S. Congressman [D-IN-3] and former Ambassador to India, spoke on the nature and importance of the United States’ interactions with India. The lecture, titled “Twitter, Buffett, and Darwin: India and the United States Relationship,” was the second installment of the Distinguished Lecture Series, co-sponsored by the Liu Institute for Asia and Asian Studies and the Kellogg Institute for International Studies. As India’s economy develops and its middle class grows and becomes more and more successful, Roemer said the country is becoming one of the biggest markets in the region for innovative technology. India also is home to a large number of English speakers and maintains a good relationship with the U.S, Roemer said. The region as a whole has an emerging middle class that is bigger than the entire U.S. population, he said. To illustrate the opportunities technology provides to that middle class, Roemer showed a photograph of a woman wearing traditional dress, carrying a metal pot on her head and talking on a cell phone, which he said would have cost $15. The woman, Roemer said, along with a hundred others, was transporting dirt from a construction site. “She is a small-business owner,” Roemer said. “She’s on this phone while she’s working at this job, and she is calling, as a small-business owner who grows flowers – she on that phone is hiring two new people because she just got a text from Twitter that the price of flowers has gone down, and she can afford two new employees. … That phone is life-changing for that woman, as a business owner.” Roemer said the elevation of millions of people from poverty to the middle class has impacted hugely both business and trade. If India’s economy continues to grow – which, he said, is not guaranteed – multinational firms are going to shift their focus to Asian markets. “If you are an international business and you want to succeed in the next 30 or 40 years, are you going to keep selling in the U.S. and EU and depend on 50, 60, 70 percent of your sales there, or are you going to expand into those markets right there?” Roemer said. “That’s this middle-class migration that is absolutely essential for the U.S. to get a hold of, to understand, and to entice our manufacturing companies to create jobs here . . . there is a real incentive, given these trends, to do more and more manufacturing in the U.S. and export these products into these new middle-class markets so you can see the resurgence of American products in the U.S.” Roemer said that the development maintenance of a good relationship between the U.S. and India, especially India’s rising middle class, is crucial. He said the past three U.S. presidents have cooperated closely with India regarding national security as well as trade. The governments of both nations recently have “supported generally a health U.S.-India relationship,” he said. Despite problems like border disputes with Pakistan, inflation, and rising food prices, trade between the two countries is increasing, Roemer said. Roemer outlined three models for companies to emulate in order to take advantage of this relationship. First, he said the “Warren Buffett Model,” is best exemplified by General Electric [GE]. GE CEO Jeffery Immelt often holds board meetings in India to expose members to the country, culture, and market, he said. “Immelt has been very, very smart about teaching his company and getting some of his best leadership to go to some of these places,” Roemer said. “If you want to run the company and you haven’t had one of those tough assignments, … if you have run the company, and you’ve been president of India, of Nigeria, of Indonesia, you really are going to see where the future of GE is.” Second, Roemer said the “Winston Churchill Model,” is best exemplified by Starbucks. CEO Howard Schultz tried to enter India in 2005 but was not successful, he said. In 2010, however, Starbucks returned. But, the company made several fundamental changes, such as partnering with Indian companies and using domestic products.  “He figured it out, and that is the Churchill Model – try it, don’t ever give up, come back again and again,” Roemer said. “That’s Churchill’s great commencement speech – never ever, ever, ever, ever give up. Schultz did not, and I think he’s onto the right thing now, and I think he’s going to succeed in India. Third, the “Darwin Model,” is an “evolutionary model” best exemplified by IKEA, he said. When it entered the Chinese market, Roemer said Ikea changed almost everything about how it presented its products, from its value proposition to its promotions to where it manufactured its products. “You have a completely different model for almost every value network and category from Europe to China. IKEA is just going into India now, and it will be a hybrid of these two approaches,” Roemer said. “It will change again.” The U.S.-India relationship is positive now, Roemer said. This relationship will remain important because India is civically engaged, religiously diverse, and respects the rule of law, he said. “That potential influence in the entire region as India grows in confidence, as India grows in influence, as India grows in articulating its foreign policy and working with other countries is absolutely and potentially profound in the future,” Roemer said. “I’m betting that future presidents are going to see this, see the economic and religious and political advantage and continue to make this one of the most important relationships in the world.” Contact Emily McConville at [email protected]last_img read more

Poachers in the Park: Ginseng Poaching Increases in Great Smoky Mountains National Park

first_imgOfficials in Great Smoky Mountains National Park are seeing an uptick in the illegal harvesting of one of Appalachia’s most storied plants—the ginseng root.The harvest and sale of Appalachian ginseng goes back at least as far as the early 1700s when French explorers noticed the use of ginseng in traditional Native American medicine. It didn’t take long for the them to realize that the American variety of ginseng was similar to the Asian variety, long prized by the Chinese for its medicinal uses. Once the connection was established, the root was exported to Asia, and the French traders enjoyed a handsome profit for their efforts.So began a long history of people in Appalachian hunting and harvesting ginseng for sale and export to Chinese markets, one that stretches from Daniel Boone all the way to the present day. In China, demand for the herbal cure-all has not waned, and Chinese buyers are particularly interested in the wild variety found on the hillsides of east Tennessee’s Appalachian region.According to Smoky Mountains National Park Chief Ranger Steve Kloster, featured in the above news segment from WBIR in eastern Tennessee, the root can fetch anywhere from $300 to $900 per pound.As a result of these high prices and myriad other factors that include everything from the glorification of Appalachian ginseng poaching on reality television to the nation’s ongoing opioid epidemic, Kloster and his colleagues have seen a substantial spike in the illegal poaching of ginseng within the boundaries of the national park.“When we arrest them,” Kloster says, referring to ginseng poachers apprehended in the park by National Park Service rangers, “we are also seeing a significant amount of drugs on their person. In the late ’80s, I saw very little of that.”Unlike responsible ginseng hunters who work within established seasons and take care to replant the ripe red berries found on ginseng stems, poachers usually harvest with little to no regard for future growth of wild ginseng in a particular area.Earlier this year, a Blount County teenager was separated from his step father while the pair hunted ginseng in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. He survived 11 days alone in the woods before he flagged down a boat at the bottom of Abrams Creek.last_img read more

Egypt’s Zamalek crowned African Handball Champions

first_imgEgypt’s Zamalek won the African Championships for the 9th time after beating the holders Club African of Tunisia in the African Champions League final in Morocco.The Friday game had the White Knights dominate most parts of the game following a brief fall back early on in the first half. After picking up themselves, the team by halftime had a 17 -14 lead which extended to 13 goals in the final stages of the second half.At the end of the game, the Egyptians led with a 35 – 22 winning the title since 2011. Zamalek will play in IHF Super Globe 2016, a contest of the champion clubs from Africa’s Confederations.last_img

ATBS has one of best medical facilities — Bauchi FA

first_imgRelatedPosts NPFL: Coach Dogo leaves Sunshine Stars NFF sanctions NPFL 2019/2020 final table Ex-Eagles’ keeper joins Kwara United Bashir Idris, Secretary of the Bauchi State Football Association, on Saturday assured that the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Stadium in Bauchi has one of the best medical facilities in the country. Idris told the News Agency of Nigeria in Bauchi that the facility can host not only Nigeria Professional Football League matches, but also international competitions. He described the incident that occurred with one of the Nasarawa Football Club players who slumped and died during a match due to lack of medical facilities as “a sad and shameful development for the NPFL.” He said: “Here at the ATBS in Bauchi, we have all the medical facilities required. “We have a medical centre where the facilities are located and even people from the host communities come to the stadium for medical attention. “We have no doubt that the ATBS can host any match, because whatever is required are available.” The Football Association secretary also said the stadium’s medical team, which comprises of doctors, nurses and Red Cross members work day and night, especially during tournaments, attending to all teams. Idris added: “Other state sports authorities should come to Bauchi State and borrow a leaf in terms or medical facilities. “We are appealing to other stadium management bodies in the country to come to Bauchi to learn from us.” Idris however pointed out that it was the duty of the Match Commissioner of every game to inspect the medical facilities before the commencement of any match or competition. He observed that it was very unfortunate to see that some stadiums were still using outdated facilities during international competitions. He said: “It is left to the Match Commissioner and other officials to ensure the availability of medical facilities before the commencement of any match to ensure the safety of players during matches or competitions.” The secretary urged the League Management Company, organisers of NPFL matches, as well as their Match Commissioners to ensure compliance with medical requirements before any match. “They should ensure that any host team or stadium that lacks adequate medical facilities should not be allowed to host matches,” he said. NAN reports that the ATBS has two ambulances and two motorised stretchers as well as admission wards. NAN.Tags: ATBSBashir IdrisBauchi State FANasarawa FOotball CLubnpfllast_img read more

HBO CEO Richard Plepler has abruptly stepped down

first_imgHBO CEO Richard Plepler has abruptly stepped down from the AT&T-owned company after 27 years of service, as WarnerMedia looks to reorganise its operations.Richard PleplerPlepler’s decision arrived on Thursday, days after the United States Court of Appeals rejected the US Justice Department’s last-ditch attempt to break up the AT&T-Time Warner merger.AT&T has moved quickly to create change within the company following the greenlight.  This week The Wall Street Journal reported that the company is looking to consolidate its TV units – HBO, TNT, TBS and Cartoon Network – under a new leader appointed by WarnerMedia chief John Stankey.Plepler was seen as the obvious internal candidate for the role, but WSJ also revealed that Bob Greenblatt, NBC Entertainment’s chief executive, is in talks with Stankey to take on the leadership. Shortly after the news arrived, Plepler handed in his resignation.Turner boss David Levy is also said to be planning his exit amid the restructure.In an internal note to staff Plepler said that he is to step down as HBO reaches an “inflection point”.“It has been the great joy of my professional life to share this ride with you over these many years. And the great honour of my professional life to be your CEO. I don’t have the words to express my gratitude for the support and talent that made our success together possible. But suffice it to say, my love for this place, and for all of you, is deeply a part of me and will last a lifetime,” he said.“I look forward over the coming weeks to thanking as many of you as I can for the thousands of contributions big and small that have made “this thing of ours,” to quote Tony Soprano, so special. I have told John, who has been nothing but gracious since we spoke, that I would work closely with him to assure a seamless and organic transition.”last_img read more

Study proposes improvements in pharmacological study of cognitive function enhancers in schizophrenia

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jan 16 2019Schizophrenia is a serious, chronic mental disorder involving a series of symptoms. It is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Various symptoms of this disorder, such as delusions and hallucinations, have been shown to be very adequately treated by means of antipsychotics, and its symptomatology can be improved. Yet patients experience many difficulties on a social and functional level, in other words, “they have severe problems in carrying out everyday life activities ranging from personal hygiene or managing their finances to maintaining a stable social network, having a partner or holding down a job. And there is no treatment for this”, explained Arantzazu Zabala, a Doctor in Psychology specializing in neuropsychology.Since the year 2000, explained Zabala, one of the authors of the work, “it has emerged that it is the cognitive impairments that correlate most with functional deficits, and since then, to combat these deficits, the scientific community has been developing a broad range of interventions, including cognitive enhancers. These are drugs which when added to the routine, antipsychotic treatment, could reverse or, to a certain extent, reduce the cognitive impairments displayed by patients”.Related StoriesRevolutionary cancer drugs that target any tumor to be fast-tracked into hospitals by NHSAn active brain and body associated with reduced risk of dementiaExploring how schizophrenia and depression are related to drug consumptionMethodological improvements in the interests of progressNine clinical trials from across the world were analyzed in a study conducted by researchers from the UPV/EHU, the University of La Rioja, the BioCruces Health Research Institute and Cibersam (Centre for Biomedical Research into Mental Health). The trials involved patients with schizophrenia and used three acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (deonepezil, galantamine and rivastignine)that are very effective in improving the cognitive impairments of patients with Alzheimer’s. As the researcher explained, “right now there is insufficient evidence to be able to recommend acetylcholinesterase inhibitors as a cognitive enhancer for patients with schizophrenia”. In fact, numerous limitations in the nine trials studied have emerged in this meta-analysis, and various improvements that need to be applied to studies of this type have been proposed.Doctor Zabala is nevertheless optimistic: “Much work remains to be done, but it’s heading in the right direction.” The researcher insists that the trials analyzed “are original pieces of work, are among the first ones, but right now the therapeutic targets have expanded greatly. Our work draws attention to the need for studies that will offer sufficient methodological quality to be able to guarantee the effectiveness of the compounds”. In this respect, the research conducted at the UPV/EHU proposes a series of improvements in studies of this type, which the scientific community should bear in mind “so that in addition to demonstrating the effectiveness of a drug on the patient’s functionality, aspects such as the safety and tolerance of it are also studied,” concluded Zabala.Source: read more