Notre Dame alumnus Tim Roemer spoke Wednesday about the advances in technology that have transformed interaction and communication between the United States and India. Roemer, a Notre Dame alumnus, former U.S. Congressman [D-IN-3] and former Ambassador to India, spoke on the nature and importance of the United States’ interactions with India. The lecture, titled “Twitter, Buffett, and Darwin: India and the United States Relationship,” was the second installment of the Distinguished Lecture Series, co-sponsored by the Liu Institute for Asia and Asian Studies and the Kellogg Institute for International Studies. As India’s economy develops and its middle class grows and becomes more and more successful, Roemer said the country is becoming one of the biggest markets in the region for innovative technology. India also is home to a large number of English speakers and maintains a good relationship with the U.S, Roemer said. The region as a whole has an emerging middle class that is bigger than the entire U.S. population, he said. To illustrate the opportunities technology provides to that middle class, Roemer showed a photograph of a woman wearing traditional dress, carrying a metal pot on her head and talking on a cell phone, which he said would have cost $15. The woman, Roemer said, along with a hundred others, was transporting dirt from a construction site. “She is a small-business owner,” Roemer said. “She’s on this phone while she’s working at this job, and she is calling, as a small-business owner who grows flowers – she on that phone is hiring two new people because she just got a text from Twitter that the price of flowers has gone down, and she can afford two new employees. … That phone is life-changing for that woman, as a business owner.” Roemer said the elevation of millions of people from poverty to the middle class has impacted hugely both business and trade. If India’s economy continues to grow – which, he said, is not guaranteed – multinational firms are going to shift their focus to Asian markets. “If you are an international business and you want to succeed in the next 30 or 40 years, are you going to keep selling in the U.S. and EU and depend on 50, 60, 70 percent of your sales there, or are you going to expand into those markets right there?” Roemer said. “That’s this middle-class migration that is absolutely essential for the U.S. to get a hold of, to understand, and to entice our manufacturing companies to create jobs here . . . there is a real incentive, given these trends, to do more and more manufacturing in the U.S. and export these products into these new middle-class markets so you can see the resurgence of American products in the U.S.” Roemer said that the development maintenance of a good relationship between the U.S. and India, especially India’s rising middle class, is crucial. He said the past three U.S. presidents have cooperated closely with India regarding national security as well as trade. The governments of both nations recently have “supported generally a health U.S.-India relationship,” he said. Despite problems like border disputes with Pakistan, inflation, and rising food prices, trade between the two countries is increasing, Roemer said. Roemer outlined three models for companies to emulate in order to take advantage of this relationship. First, he said the “Warren Buffett Model,” is best exemplified by General Electric [GE]. GE CEO Jeffery Immelt often holds board meetings in India to expose members to the country, culture, and market, he said. “Immelt has been very, very smart about teaching his company and getting some of his best leadership to go to some of these places,” Roemer said. “If you want to run the company and you haven’t had one of those tough assignments, … if you have run the company, and you’ve been president of India, of Nigeria, of Indonesia, you really are going to see where the future of GE is.” Second, Roemer said the “Winston Churchill Model,” is best exemplified by Starbucks. CEO Howard Schultz tried to enter India in 2005 but was not successful, he said. In 2010, however, Starbucks returned. But, the company made several fundamental changes, such as partnering with Indian companies and using domestic products. “He figured it out, and that is the Churchill Model – try it, don’t ever give up, come back again and again,” Roemer said. “That’s Churchill’s great commencement speech – never ever, ever, ever, ever give up. Schultz did not, and I think he’s onto the right thing now, and I think he’s going to succeed in India. Third, the “Darwin Model,” is an “evolutionary model” best exemplified by IKEA, he said. When it entered the Chinese market, Roemer said Ikea changed almost everything about how it presented its products, from its value proposition to its promotions to where it manufactured its products. “You have a completely different model for almost every value network and category from Europe to China. IKEA is just going into India now, and it will be a hybrid of these two approaches,” Roemer said. “It will change again.” The U.S.-India relationship is positive now, Roemer said. This relationship will remain important because India is civically engaged, religiously diverse, and respects the rule of law, he said. “That potential influence in the entire region as India grows in confidence, as India grows in influence, as India grows in articulating its foreign policy and working with other countries is absolutely and potentially profound in the future,” Roemer said. “I’m betting that future presidents are going to see this, see the economic and religious and political advantage and continue to make this one of the most important relationships in the world.” Contact Emily McConville at [email protected]
Marburg fever, for which there is no vaccine or cure, spreads through contact with bodily fluids of infected people. Resembling the deadly Ebola fever, Marburg causes severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, severe chest pain, sore throat, and cough. In later stages it leads to bleeding. The governor of Uige province in northern Angola, the center of the outbreak, said the province alone has had 150 cases, including 142 deaths, according to an Agence France-Presse (AFP) report today. The largest previous Marburg outbreak, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, involved 149 cases with 123 deaths from 1998 to 2000. Chaib also said two suspected cases have been reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which borders Angola, AFP reported. Previous reports said that about 75% of the patients were children, but the latest reports have not given any information about the age range. In a statement today, the World Health Organization (WHO) put the size of the outbreak at 140 cases with 132 deaths as of yesterday. Just yesterday the WHO reported 132 cases with 127 deaths and said the case-patients included 12 healthcare workers. More staff members from the WHO and its Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network were due to arrive in Angola this weekend, the WHO said. The agency also has sent personal protective equipment and mobile communication field kits. Mar 31 WHO statementhttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2005_03_31a/en/ See also: Apr 1, 2005 (CIDRAP News) The Marburg hemorrhagic fever outbreak in Angola has killed more people than the largest previous outbreak of the disease and is continuing to spread, according to the latest reports. Nine people have been isolated in an Italian hospital because of possible exposure to the virus, according to another AFP report published today. WHO spokeswoman Fadela Chaib in Geneva, who reported the situation, did not name the hospital or list the nationalities of the nine people. Apr 1 WHO statementhttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2005_04_01/en/ Yesterday the WHO said mobile surveillance teams had been set up and were checking rumors of cases in Uige province. A mobile field laboratory from Canada began operating today, and a dedicated isolation facility operated by Medicins sans Frontieres was preparing to receive patients identified by the surveillance teams, the agency said.
For the second time in a week, a major road has been closed for repairs in Southeastern Indiana. State highway crews have closed State Road 262 between Dillsboro and Milton in Dearborn County after unstable soil conditions developed that threaten driver safety.INDOT officials noted that S.R. 262 pavement in the southbound lane had dropped nearly three inches in the past week. The embankment adjacent to the highway is undermining the roadbed and sliding toward the bottom of the slope.The state is retaining a specialty contractor to stabilize the slope through a process called soil nailing. A number of 20-foot steel shafts will be shot into the side of the embankment, INDOT said. Once the soil has been nailed, highway crews will determine what pavement repairs are needed.The road closure is expected to continue through the month.Drivers will not be able to commute through the closure site located approximately three miles south of U.S. Highway 50. Residents have access to their homes via S.R. 262 on either side of the barricades.INDOT closed a portion of U.S. 50 east of Brookville last week for emergency slide off repairs.
Statewide—Duke Energy has increased its winter assistance funding for qualifying Indiana customers who may struggle to pay their winter energy bills.The company is contributing $650,000 for low-income customer energy assistance through its Helping Hand program this year. In addition, Duke Energy Indiana customers and employees have contributed more than $96,000 through November, and more is expected in December, raising this year’s total energy assistance to approximately $750,000. A portion of the company’s funding is the result of an agreement with the Indiana Office of Utility Consumer Counselor.“We know the winter months can be a hardship for some, and each year our shareholders and customers contribute to help families and individuals who may be struggling to pay their winter energy bills,” said Duke Energy Indiana President Stan Pinegar. “This year, to reach more customers in need, we are increasing our shareholder contribution by $150,000. Last year, we were able to help more than 3,700 Hoosiers who needed assistance in paying their electricity bills.”Duke Energy works with the Indiana Community Action Association and the Indiana Housing and Community Development Authority’s Energy Assistance Program, which determines eligibility and distributes the company’s assistance funds.“Our clients are most vulnerable during the winter, and no one should be left in the cold,” said Elaine Zeider, manager of Family Services for the Area Five Agency on Aging and Community Services. “For years we’ve used Duke Energy’s Helping Hand funds to keep Hoosiers warm and relieve some of the stress of winter bills.”For more information on the Helping Hand program, including eligibility for funds, participating agencies and how to make a donation, visit duke-energy.com/community/customer-assistance-programs/helping-hand.Winter Energy Saving TipsReduce your thermostat to the lowest comfortable setting when home, and bump the thermostat down a degree or two when leaving home.One of the easiest things customers can do to support heating efficiency is to change air filters regularly. A dirty air filter makes a heating system work harder, whichuses more energy.Leave drapes or blinds open during sunny winter days to allow the sun’s rays to warm the house, but close them at night to help insulate your home.For more information on how to cut costs and stay warm this winter, visit duke-energy.com/home/savings/winter-heating-energy-savings. Duke Energy also offers energy efficiency products, services and information to help customers save energy and money. For more information, visit duke-energy.com.
Press Association “If you win it’s a very exciting game so we want to come back to the Champions League because we love it. “We are focused for the other games because the season is very long and we want to play Champions League again because it’s the most exciting competition for us. “We did well this season apart from two months which were very difficult for us, but we came back.” The 20-year-old missed Monday night’s 3-0 win over Newcastle at the Emirates Stadium because of a niggling groin problem, after which Wenger indicated he would need at least two weeks’ complete rest. Arsenal could seal up fourth place this weekend, when they host West Brom on Sunday after Everton play Manchester City, and head to Norwich for the final Barclays Premier League match before then finishing their domestic campaign with the FA Cup final against Hull at Wembley on May 17. By then, England manager Roy Hodgson will have named his provisional 30-man World Cup squad. Wenger, though, remains cautious over the rehabilitation of Oxlade-Chamberlain, who like Jack Wilshere – recovering from a fractured foot – will be desperate for a place on the plane to Brazil. “Alex is in treatment at the moment and not in training. It is very difficult to give you a timescale on him at the moment,” Wenger said to the club’s official website, www.Arsenal.com. Full-back Kieran Gibbs is also sidelined by a hamstring problem, but is set to resume full training shortly. Midfielder Abou Diaby will not be rushed after reporting a minor groin problem following his return from a serious knee injury in the under-21s. Arsenal have opened up a four-point lead over Everton, and should the Toffees come unstuck at home to title-chasing Manchester City on Saturday, then the Gunners would be secure of a place in next season’s Champions League qualifiers before they tackle the relegation-battling Baggies on Sunday lunchtime. Defender Laurent Koscielny maintains the Arsenal players, who were knocked out by Bayern Munich in the second round this season, always strive to challenge themselves against the best Europe has to offer. “The Champions League is a tournament which has the best teams in Europe so we want to play against the big teams because we can judge our level against Milan, Barcelona or Bayern,” the France defender told Arsenal Player. “For the players it’s very exciting to play against them because we learn a lot and you progress [individually]. Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger admits it is “very difficult” to say when England midfielder Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain will be back in action.