Roots of the Kashmir conflict

first_imgThe writer is a Muslim woman born in a rural village in Gujarat, India.India, one of the oldest civilizations, fell under British colonial rule starting in the late 1700s. With British imperialism came the reinforcement of dividing people by religious groups, castes, languages spoken and nationalities, so that the workers under oppressive rule would not unite to overthrow the British empire. The largest division was between Muslims and Hindus. Due to this, when the Indian independence movement started in the 1900s, elites in both groups could not decide on the election process for minority groups — the minorities in this case being Muslims as well as the Dalits. This led to Muslim groups calling for a separate state for themselves where they would not be a minority.  Maps show before and after the partition of India subcontinent.Muslims eventually got their wish in 1947, when India was split into the Muslim-majority states of West Pakistan and East Pakistan (modern-day Bangladesh) and the Hindu-majority state of India, sometimes referred to as Hindustan. The British partition of India led to the displacement of between 14 million and 16 million people and the killing of more than 200,000 to 2 million people in mass riots. With partition, Kashmir and Jammu became one of the most disputed territories between India and newly formed Pakistan.Kashmir and Jammu is a territory in the Himalayan region that earlier had been one of the 600 princely states of India. At that time, Kashmir and Jammu was a majority-Muslim territory, but it was ruled by a Hindu monarch named Maharaja Hari Singh. Under his rule, Muslims constantly faced discrimination and high taxes. When the partition happened, the British left it up to the monarch to decide which country he would join. His subjects wanted Kashmir to be an independent state. But the Maharaja decided to join India in return for military help against Pakistan. India then invaded Kashmir, sending in troops by air to crush a popular movement that had developed against the Maharaja’s rule.Kashmiris’ fight for right to self-determination An intense war then broke out between Pakistan and India. In 1948 the United Nations stepped in and brokered a ceasefire. Under the terms of the ceasefire, two-thirds of Kashmir belonged to India and the remainder, called Azad Kashmir, belonged to Pakistan. The terms also stipulated that there be a referendum where the Kashmiris could exercise their right to self-determination in choosing their own faith. But this was never carried out and was especially ignored by India. Since 1947, India and Pakistan have been fighting to claim all of Kashmir. They have fought three wars over Kashmir, one in 1990 which almost led to a nuclear conflict between the two countries. To this day Kashmir is a highly disputed territory between India and Pakistan. Both India and Pakistan have ignored the demands of the Kashmiri people. Instead, India gave Kashmir the special status of autonomy within India that ensured the Muslim-majority state its own constitution and supposed independence over all matters except foreign affairs, defense and communications. Since 1948, Kashmiris have fought for their right to self-determination. They have taken to the streets constantly demanding freedom. India has answered with brutal repression. Since the 1900s an estimated 96,765 people have been killed in violent military massacres. Kashmir is a heavily militarized zone, with up to 600,000 Indian soldiers and paramilitary cops stationed in the territory. More than 10,000 men have been arrested and more than 10,000 women have been raped or molested. As of Aug. 26, India is still trying to suppress the people of Kashmir and Jammu. On Aug. 5, the Indian Hindu nationalist party BJP, under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modhi, revoked Article 370, which had given Kashmiris the right to own land. Modhi’s action was meant to encourage millions of Hindus to move into the majority-Muslim territory of Kashmir. In the face of these challenges, Kashmiris have not backed down and have been fighting back, as they have done for the last 72 years. India has cut off all communication, including internet, phones and social media. Schools and markets are closed, and millions of people are left incommunicado and besieged. Indian police have opened fire on protest demonstrations in the capital, Srinagar, and other towns and cities. The population is under complete curfew, unable even to go outside. Hundreds have been arrested. Since Aug. 5, demonstrations in solidarity with Kashmir have occurred all over the world. Workers World Party has participated in these demonstrations in the U.S. and has always supported the right of Kashmiris to decide their own fate.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Technological University status granted to Limerick and Athlone Institutes of Technology

first_imgNewsEducationLimerickTechnological University status granted to Limerick and Athlone Institutes of TechnologyBy Meghann Scully – May 5, 2021 559 Advertisement Roisin Upton excited by “hockey talent coming through” in Limerick Billy Lee names strong Limerick side to take on Wicklow in crucial Division 3 clash Limerick Institute of Technology’s Moylish campusMINISTER of State for Further Education and Skills Niall Collins TD and Minister for Further and Higher Education, Research, Innovation and Science, Simon Harris TD have today (5 May 2021) granted Technological University (TU) status to Limerick Institute of Technology and Athlone Institute of Technology.This is the third TU to be created since 2019 and is a milestone for the Mid-West and the Midlands.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Minister of State for Further Education and Skills and TD for Limerick County, Niall Collins, commented: “This is a transformational event for the people of the Mid-West and the Midlands.“We know the many faceted benefits of TUs and we are seeing how they can transform regions elsewhere. I am very much looking forward to this new TU bringing those benefits from Clare and Limerick, through Tipperary and up the mighty Shannon across the Midlands to Athlone and beyond.“This will allow people across the Mid-West and the Midlands and beyond to obtain a university degree in their home places. As a former LIT lecturer and a proud Limerick man I am delighted to see this milestone being reached and I want to congratulate all involved.” he said.The process to designate a new TU is enshrined in the Technological Universities Act 2018. The next steps in the legislative process require the Minister to bring forward a draft order establishing the appointed day on which the new technological university will be legally established and Limerick and Athlone ITs consequentially dissolved for approval by the Houses of the Oireachtas.A date for this requirement is currently being considered but subject to the order being approved in due course all students graduating in the 2021-2022 academic year will do so with university qualifications.Minister Harris added: “I would like to warmly congratulate and sincerely thank the very many people from the two Institutions including their management, governing bodies, staff, students and the wider regional and community stakeholders who have enabled today’s announcement and who can now look forward to an exciting future for this new university and the regions it will serve.” Linkedin Donal Ryan names Limerick Ladies Football team for League opener TAGSKeeping Limerick PostedlimerickLimerick Institue of TechnologyLimerick Post Previous articleSt Nessan’s chosen as Limerick winner for SPAR FAI School Zone competitionNext articleLimerick language company heads for Russia Meghann Scully Printcenter_img WhatsApp RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Limerick’s National Camogie League double header to be streamed live WATCH: “Everyone is fighting so hard to get on” – Pat Ryan on competitive camogie squads Facebook Email Limerick Ladies National Football League opener to be streamed live Twitterlast_img read more

Giroud agrees personal terms with Inter

first_imgRelatedPosts Italy introduces compulsory virus testing for travellers from France Vidal lands in Milan to complete move from Barca to Inter Mane double eases Liverpool to win over 10-man Chelsea Chelsea forward Olivier Giroud reportedly intends to sign for Inter Milan during the next transfer window. Despite having less than three months left on his contract at Stamford Bridge, it was suggested that Giroud could remain with the Blues having impressed before the coronavirus pandemic. However, according to Tuttosport, the 33-year-old has been able to agree personal terms with Inter. The report claimed that the Serie A title challengers are willing to offer the World Cup winner a two-year contract, terms which have not always been on the table at Chelsea. Giroud has contributed two goals from just 11 outings in the Premier League and Champions League this season.Tags: ChelseaFranceInter MilanOlivier GiroudSerie Alast_img read more

Historic contest a nightmare for men’s basketball team

first_imgIt all seemed like something from a dream.It was the middle of the Big Ten season and Wisconsin was playing a non-conference opponent, something that hadn’t happened since the 2000-01 season.The game was played at 11:15 a.m., the only morning tip-off of the season. It was early enough to have the Kohl Center patrons looking a little sleepy as they slowly filed into the arena.And most unusual was the fact that Wisconsin was beaten, and beaten soundly, by an upstart opponent who is so new to Division I basketball it hasn’t even found a conference yet.But when North Dakota State had put the finishing touches on its stunning 62-55 defeat of UW, it was very apparent for the Badger faithful that the game hadn’t been a dream at all, but a nightmare.”We just got stomped by North Dakota State,” freshman Joe Krabbenhoft said, putting into words a nearly unthinkable pre-game scenario.Dashed is Wisconsin’s 27-game home winning streak against non-conference opponents. Gone is the tide of momentum that was with the team only a week ago, after starting out 4-0 in the Big Ten. The Badgers’ rankings are nose-diving, both in the polls — where they were 15th in the AP and 13th in the Coaches’ poll — and in the RPI, where the Badgers were ranked third.It was a historic day to be sure. The win was without question the biggest in the history of North Dakota State, and it was also probably the biggest surprise upset of a Bo Ryan team since the coach first came to Madison five seasons ago.It is all too easy to equate the Badgers’ loss to overconfidence, especially since there probably wasn’t one fan in the 17,142 at the Kohl Center who went in believing Wisconsin would lose to the no-name Bison.But the fact is that Wisconsin didn’t play like an overconfident team. They played hard through the duration of the game. On defense they managed to force 24 turnovers, a season high. On offense, they snatched down 22 offensive rebounds, also their best effort of the year.”There is only one thing that you always say as a coach when you get into these types of games when you are struggling on the floor,” Wisconsin head coach Bo Ryan said. “You have to get on the offensive boards and rebound when they are not going in. We did. And you have to get the other team to turn the ball over. And we did. You suppose we’d have a chance then, and we had a chance.”The fact is that after starting off the game 1-of-10, the Bison shot 61 percent (22-36) the rest of the way, often knocking down contested shots.”It’s hard to score on Wisconsin,” Bison head coach Tim Miles said. “They play very good defense, but once we kind of got loose and stayed aggressive, we were better.”The Badgers, on the other hand, looked as if they couldn’t have hit water if they fell out of a boat, shooting 22 percent from the field, which included shooting 4-of-27 from beyond the arc.Wisconsin’s two leading scorers, Kammron Taylor and Alando Tucker, shot a combined 8-of-42 from the field, scoring 30 points between them.”Well, they were consistent at throwing three guys at me for 40 minutes,” Tucker said of the defense on him, adding that the double- and triple-teams led to open shots for others.”We had some good shots. You can’t get any more open [than we were] and we have to knock them down, especially if we want to compete in the Big Ten.”Five minutes into the second half, Tucker missed a jumper, got his rebound, missed a lay-up, corralled the rebound again and then missed again from close range.”That’s it right there. That’s the tale of the whole night. That right there is very frustrating,” Tucker said. “A lot of shots rattled in and rattled out, and that is heartbreaking.”After the game, Miles was asked if he had envisioned this in his wildest dreams — and that was what this game was for North Dakota: its wildest dream.And, for Wisconsin, its worst nightmare.Landry, Stiemsma out again: For the second-straight game, both freshman Marcus Landry (academics) and sophomore Greg Stiemsma (medical) were unavailable to play for the Badgers on Saturday. The two were on the team bench but not in uniform for the game.last_img read more